Executive functions in preschool children with ADHD and DBD: An 18-month longitudinal study

Kim Schoemaker, Tessa Bunte, Kimberly Andrews Espy, Maja Deković, Walter Matthys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this longitudinal study, we examined the stability of the association between executive functions and externalizing behavior problems, and the developmental change of executive functions in a predominately clinically diagnosed preschool sample (N = 200). Inhibition and working memory performance were assessed three times in 18 months. Across time, poorer inhibition performance in young children was associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior disorders (DBD), and poorer working memory performance was associated with ADHD. Inhibition and working memory performance increased over time, especially in the early preschool period. The improvement of inhibition performance was more pronounced in the clinically diagnosed children compared to the TD children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-315
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 19 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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