Exercise Stroke Volume in Adult Cystic Fibrosis: A Comparison of Acetylene Pulmonary Uptake and Oxygen Pulse

Erik H. Van Iterson, Sarah E. Baker, Courtney M. Wheatley, Wayne J. Morgan, Thomas P. Olson, Eric M. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac hemodynamic assessment during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is proposed to play an important role in the clinical evaluation of individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF). Cardiac catheterization is not practical for routine clinical CPET. Use of oxygen pulse (O2pulse) as a noninvasive estimate of stroke volume (SV) has not been validated in CF. This study tested the hypothesis that peak exercise O2pulse is a valid estimate of SV in CF. Measurements of SV via the acetylene rebreathe technique were acquired at baseline and peak exercise in 17 mild-to-moderate severity adult CF and 25 age-matched healthy adults. We calculated O2pulse= VO2. Baseline relationships between SV and O2pulse were significant in CF (r =.80) and controls (r =.40), persisting to peak exercise in CF (r =.63) and controls (r =.73). The standard error of estimate for O2pulse-predicted SV with respect to measured SV was similar at baseline (14.1 vs 20.1 mL) and peak exercise (18.2 vs 13.9 mL) for CF and controls, respectively. These data suggest that peak exercise O2pulse is a valid estimate of SV in CF. The ability to noninvasively estimate SV via O2pulse during routine clinical CPET can be used to improve test interpretation and advance our understanding of the impact cardiac dysfunction has on exercise intolerance in CF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Medicine Insights: Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 24 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiac output
  • cardiopulmonary exercise test
  • exercise capacity
  • peak VO
  • pulmonary function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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