Exoplanetary transits of limb-brightened lines: Tentative Si IV absorption by HD 209458b

E. Schlawin, E. Agol, L. M. Walkowicz, K. Covey, J. P. Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transit light curves for stellar continua have only one minimum and a "U" shape. By contrast, transit curves for optically thin chromospheric emission lines can have a "W" shape because of stellar limb brightening.We calculate light curves for an optically thin shell of emission and fit these models to time-resolved observations of Si IV absorption by the planet HD 209458b. We find that the best-fit Si IV absorption model has Rp,Si iv/R* = 0.34-0.12+0.07, similar to the Roche lobe of the planet. While the large radius is only at the limit of statistical significance, we develop formulae applicable to transits of all optically thin chromospheric emission lines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L75-L79
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume722
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Planets and satellites: atmospheres
  • Stars: chromospheres
  • Ultraviolet: planetary system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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