Expectancy, demand characteristics, and contact desensitization in behavior change

John R. Lick, Richard R Bootzin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Contact desensitization, attention placebo, and instructions to simulate the effects of attention placebo were compared in their ability to alleviate fears of rats in college students under brief group therapy conditions. The results were: (a) contact desensitization was highly effective and superior to the groups controlling for expectancy and demand characteristics and to a no-treatment control group; (b) although not performing as well as Ss receiving contact desensitization, role playing Ss effectively simulated improvement on the behavioral approach test; and (c) the expectancy manipulation did not result in significant improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-183
Number of pages8
JournalBehavior Therapy
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1970
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Role Playing
Placebo Effect
Aptitude
Group Psychotherapy
Fear
Placebos
Students
Control Groups
Psychologic Desensitization
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Expectancy, demand characteristics, and contact desensitization in behavior change. / Lick, John R.; Bootzin, Richard R.

In: Behavior Therapy, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1970, p. 176-183.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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