Experimental power spectral density analysis for mid-to high-spatial frequency surface error control

Javier Del Hoyo, Heejoo Choi, James H Burge, Geon Hee Kim, Dae Wook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The control of surface errors as a function of spatial frequency is critical during the fabrication of modern optical systems. A large-scale surface figure error is controlled by a guided removal process, such as computer-controlled optical surfacing. Smaller-scale surface errors are controlled by polishing process parameters. Surface errors of only a few millimeters may degrade the performance of an optical system, causing background noise from scattered light and reducing imaging contrast for large optical systems. Conventionally, the microsurface roughness is often given by the root mean square at a high spatial frequency range, with errors within a 0.5 × 0.5 mm local surface map with 500 × 500 pixels. This surface specification is not adequate to fully describe the characteristics for advanced optical systems. The process for controlling and minimizing mid- to high-spatial frequency surface errors with periods of up to ∼2-3 mm was investigated for many optical fabrication conditions using the measured surface power spectral density (PSD) of a finished Zerodur optical surface. Then, the surface PSD was systematically related to various fabrication process parameters, such as the grinding methods, polishing interface materials, and polishing compounds. The retraceable experimental polishing conditions and processes used to produce an optimal optical surface PSD are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5258-5267
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Optics
Volume56
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2017

Fingerprint

Power spectral density
Polishing
polishing
Optical systems
Fabrication
fabrication
Hard facing
critical frequencies
background noise
grinding
specifications
roughness
frequency ranges
Surface roughness
Pixels
pixels
Specifications
Imaging techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Experimental power spectral density analysis for mid-to high-spatial frequency surface error control. / Del Hoyo, Javier; Choi, Heejoo; Burge, James H; Kim, Geon Hee; Kim, Dae Wook.

In: Applied Optics, Vol. 56, No. 18, 20.06.2017, p. 5258-5267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Del Hoyo, Javier ; Choi, Heejoo ; Burge, James H ; Kim, Geon Hee ; Kim, Dae Wook. / Experimental power spectral density analysis for mid-to high-spatial frequency surface error control. In: Applied Optics. 2017 ; Vol. 56, No. 18. pp. 5258-5267.
@article{47fa8d54464043c5bdafecae47ee32e1,
title = "Experimental power spectral density analysis for mid-to high-spatial frequency surface error control",
abstract = "The control of surface errors as a function of spatial frequency is critical during the fabrication of modern optical systems. A large-scale surface figure error is controlled by a guided removal process, such as computer-controlled optical surfacing. Smaller-scale surface errors are controlled by polishing process parameters. Surface errors of only a few millimeters may degrade the performance of an optical system, causing background noise from scattered light and reducing imaging contrast for large optical systems. Conventionally, the microsurface roughness is often given by the root mean square at a high spatial frequency range, with errors within a 0.5 × 0.5 mm local surface map with 500 × 500 pixels. This surface specification is not adequate to fully describe the characteristics for advanced optical systems. The process for controlling and minimizing mid- to high-spatial frequency surface errors with periods of up to ∼2-3 mm was investigated for many optical fabrication conditions using the measured surface power spectral density (PSD) of a finished Zerodur optical surface. Then, the surface PSD was systematically related to various fabrication process parameters, such as the grinding methods, polishing interface materials, and polishing compounds. The retraceable experimental polishing conditions and processes used to produce an optimal optical surface PSD are presented.",
author = "{Del Hoyo}, Javier and Heejoo Choi and Burge, {James H} and Kim, {Geon Hee} and Kim, {Dae Wook}",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1364/AO.56.005258",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "56",
pages = "5258--5267",
journal = "Applied Optics",
issn = "1559-128X",
publisher = "The Optical Society",
number = "18",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental power spectral density analysis for mid-to high-spatial frequency surface error control

AU - Del Hoyo, Javier

AU - Choi, Heejoo

AU - Burge, James H

AU - Kim, Geon Hee

AU - Kim, Dae Wook

PY - 2017/6/20

Y1 - 2017/6/20

N2 - The control of surface errors as a function of spatial frequency is critical during the fabrication of modern optical systems. A large-scale surface figure error is controlled by a guided removal process, such as computer-controlled optical surfacing. Smaller-scale surface errors are controlled by polishing process parameters. Surface errors of only a few millimeters may degrade the performance of an optical system, causing background noise from scattered light and reducing imaging contrast for large optical systems. Conventionally, the microsurface roughness is often given by the root mean square at a high spatial frequency range, with errors within a 0.5 × 0.5 mm local surface map with 500 × 500 pixels. This surface specification is not adequate to fully describe the characteristics for advanced optical systems. The process for controlling and minimizing mid- to high-spatial frequency surface errors with periods of up to ∼2-3 mm was investigated for many optical fabrication conditions using the measured surface power spectral density (PSD) of a finished Zerodur optical surface. Then, the surface PSD was systematically related to various fabrication process parameters, such as the grinding methods, polishing interface materials, and polishing compounds. The retraceable experimental polishing conditions and processes used to produce an optimal optical surface PSD are presented.

AB - The control of surface errors as a function of spatial frequency is critical during the fabrication of modern optical systems. A large-scale surface figure error is controlled by a guided removal process, such as computer-controlled optical surfacing. Smaller-scale surface errors are controlled by polishing process parameters. Surface errors of only a few millimeters may degrade the performance of an optical system, causing background noise from scattered light and reducing imaging contrast for large optical systems. Conventionally, the microsurface roughness is often given by the root mean square at a high spatial frequency range, with errors within a 0.5 × 0.5 mm local surface map with 500 × 500 pixels. This surface specification is not adequate to fully describe the characteristics for advanced optical systems. The process for controlling and minimizing mid- to high-spatial frequency surface errors with periods of up to ∼2-3 mm was investigated for many optical fabrication conditions using the measured surface power spectral density (PSD) of a finished Zerodur optical surface. Then, the surface PSD was systematically related to various fabrication process parameters, such as the grinding methods, polishing interface materials, and polishing compounds. The retraceable experimental polishing conditions and processes used to produce an optimal optical surface PSD are presented.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021181570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85021181570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1364/AO.56.005258

DO - 10.1364/AO.56.005258

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85021181570

VL - 56

SP - 5258

EP - 5267

JO - Applied Optics

JF - Applied Optics

SN - 1559-128X

IS - 18

ER -