### Abstract

SIMPLE nonlinear models can generate fixed points, periodic cycles and aperiodic oscillations in population abundance without any external environmental variation. Another familiar theoretical result is that shifts in demographic parameters (such as survival or fecundity) can move a population from one of these behaviours to another^{1-4}. Unfortunately, empirical evidence to support these theoretical possibilities is scarce^{5-15}. We report here a joint theoretical and experimental study to test the hypothesis that changes in demographic parameters cause predictable changes in the nature of population fluctuations. Specifically, we developed a simple model describing population growth in the flour beetle Tribolium^{16}. We then predicted, using standard mathematical techniques to analyse the model, that changes in adult mortality would produce substantial shifts in population dynamic behaviour. Finally, by experimentally manipulating the adult mortality rate we observed changes in the dynamics from stable fixed points to periodic cycles to aperiodic oscillations that corresponded to the transitions forecast by the mathematical model.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 227-230 |

Number of pages | 4 |

Journal | Nature |

Volume | 375 |

Issue number | 6528 |

State | Published - 1995 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General

### Cite this

*Nature*,

*375*(6528), 227-230.

**Experimentally induced transitions in the dynamic behaviour of insect populations.** / Costantino, Robert F; Cushing, Jim M; Dennis, Brian; Desharnais, Robert A.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Nature*, vol. 375, no. 6528, pp. 227-230.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimentally induced transitions in the dynamic behaviour of insect populations

AU - Costantino, Robert F

AU - Cushing, Jim M

AU - Dennis, Brian

AU - Desharnais, Robert A.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - SIMPLE nonlinear models can generate fixed points, periodic cycles and aperiodic oscillations in population abundance without any external environmental variation. Another familiar theoretical result is that shifts in demographic parameters (such as survival or fecundity) can move a population from one of these behaviours to another1-4. Unfortunately, empirical evidence to support these theoretical possibilities is scarce5-15. We report here a joint theoretical and experimental study to test the hypothesis that changes in demographic parameters cause predictable changes in the nature of population fluctuations. Specifically, we developed a simple model describing population growth in the flour beetle Tribolium16. We then predicted, using standard mathematical techniques to analyse the model, that changes in adult mortality would produce substantial shifts in population dynamic behaviour. Finally, by experimentally manipulating the adult mortality rate we observed changes in the dynamics from stable fixed points to periodic cycles to aperiodic oscillations that corresponded to the transitions forecast by the mathematical model.

AB - SIMPLE nonlinear models can generate fixed points, periodic cycles and aperiodic oscillations in population abundance without any external environmental variation. Another familiar theoretical result is that shifts in demographic parameters (such as survival or fecundity) can move a population from one of these behaviours to another1-4. Unfortunately, empirical evidence to support these theoretical possibilities is scarce5-15. We report here a joint theoretical and experimental study to test the hypothesis that changes in demographic parameters cause predictable changes in the nature of population fluctuations. Specifically, we developed a simple model describing population growth in the flour beetle Tribolium16. We then predicted, using standard mathematical techniques to analyse the model, that changes in adult mortality would produce substantial shifts in population dynamic behaviour. Finally, by experimentally manipulating the adult mortality rate we observed changes in the dynamics from stable fixed points to periodic cycles to aperiodic oscillations that corresponded to the transitions forecast by the mathematical model.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028974630&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028974630&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 375

SP - 227

EP - 230

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 6528

ER -