Explicit Arithmetic of Jacobians of Generalized Legendre Curves over Global Function Fields

Lisa Berger, Chris Hall, Rene Pannekoek, Jennifer Park, Rachel Pries, Shahed Sharif, Alice Silverberg, Douglas Ulmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the Jacobian J of the smooth projective curve C of genus r-1 with affine model yr = xr-1(x + 1)(x + t) over the function field Fp(t), when p is prime and r ≥ 2 is an integer prime to p. When q is a power of p and d is a positive integer, we compute the L-function of J over Fq(t 1/d) and show that the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture holds for J over Fq(t 1/d). When d is divisible by r and of the form pν + 1, and Kd := Fp(μd, t1/d), we write down explicit points in J(Kd), show that they generate a subgroup V of rank (r-1)(d-2) whose index in J(Kd) is finite and a power of p, and show that the order of the Tate-Shafarevich group of J over Kd is [J(Kd) : V[2. When r > 2, we prove that the "new"part of J is isogenous over Fp(t) to the square of a simple abelian variety of dimension φ(r)/2 with endomorphism algebra Z[μr] +. For a prime ℓ with ℓ ł pr, we prove that J[ℓ](L) = {0} for any abelian extension L of Fp(t).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-144
Number of pages144
JournalMemoirs of the American Mathematical Society
Volume266
Issue number1295
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Abelian variety
  • Birch and swinnerton-dyer conjecture
  • Curve
  • Descent
  • Endomorphism algebra
  • Finite field
  • Function field
  • Height
  • Jacobian
  • Kodaira-spencer map
  • L-function
  • Monodromy
  • Mordell-weil group
  • Néron model
  • Rank
  • Tamagawa number
  • Tate-shafarevich group
  • Torsion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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