We numerically investigate the scaling behavior of midinfrared filaments at extremely high input energies. It is shown that, given sufficient power, kilometer-scale, low-loss atmospheric filamentation is attainable by prechirping the pulse. Fully resolved four-dimensional (xyzt) simulations show that, while in a spatially imperfect beam the modulation instability can lead to multiple hot-spot formation, the individual filaments are still stabilized by the recently proposed mechanism that relies on the temporal walk-off of short-wavelength radiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics