Exposure and response prevention and habit reversal training: Commonalities, differential use, and combined applications

Michael L. Sulkowski, Marni L. Jacob, Eric A. Storch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs) have compulsive (i.e.; anxiety reductive) and impulsive (i.e.; driven by emotional or involuntary impulses) features. The best established psychological treatments for these disorders are behavioral/cognitive-behavioral in nature. More specifically, exposure and response prevention (ERP) (with or without cognitive therapy) and habit reversal training (HRT) are commonly indicated in the treatment of OCSDs. This paper reviews the use of various components of these therapeutic approaches to treat compulsive and impulsive symptomology in individuals with variants of these disorders. Specifically, ERP monotherapy for compulsive (e.g.; obsessive-compulsive, body dysmorphic) and impulsive symptoms (e.g.; tics, trichotillomania) is discussed as well as a combined treatment approach that integrates elements of ERP and HRT for individuals displaying mixed symptomology. A case example is also provided that illustrates the successful application of various components of ERP and HRT to treat OCSD symptoms. Lastly, other potential OCSD treatments are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Competing responses
  • Exposure and response prevention
  • Habit reversal training
  • Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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