We have detected expression of interleukin-6 receptors (IL-6R) by primary leukemic cells from three of six patients with t(4;11)+ ALL. Scatchard analysis revealed from 960 to 2100 high-affinity IL-6R/cell on these cells (median, 1560; mean, 1540). All three IL-6R+ cases also expressed CD33, which was not expressed on IL-6R-negative cases. To determine if these receptors could serve as a target for a recombinant ligand-toxin, we examined the sensitivity of primary IL-6R+ ALL cells to a recombinant IL6-Pseudomonas exotoxin (IL6-PE(4E)) fusion protein, in which the toxicity and specificity of the chimeric toxin was enhanced by substitution of four glutamine residues for naturally occurring amino acids in PE domain I. Primary cells from IL-6R+ cases were sensitive to IL6-PE(4E) in a 48-h cytotoxicity assay, with ID50 values (concentrations causing 50% decrease in viability) ranging from 23 ng/ml to 92 ng/ml (median, 61; mean, 58). Furthermore, incubation of these cells with 103 ng/ml IL6-toxin for 24 h prevented their subsequent engraftment in SCID mice. Thus, IL6-PE(4E) may be useful for ex vivo purging of IL-6R+ leukemic cells in an autologous bone marrow transplantation setting and possibly for therapy of residual, chemotherapy-resistant disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- IL6-Pseudomonas exotoxin
- Interleukin-6 receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research