Expression of the catalytic domain of myosin light chain kinase increases paracellular permeability

Gail Hecht, Lidija Pestic, Gordana Nikcevic, Athanasia Koutsouris, Jyoti Tripuraneni, Donald D. Lorimer, Grzegorz Nowak, Vince Guerriero, Elliot L. Elson, Primal De Lanerolle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contractile events resulting from phosphorylation of the 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC20) have been implicated in the regulation of epithelial tight junction permeability. To address this question, Madin-Darby canine kidney cells were transfected with a murine leukemia retroviral vector containing DNA encoding either the catalytic domain of myosin light chain kinase (tMK) or the β-galactosidase gene (β-gal). Autoradiograms of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of myosin immunoprecipitated from 32P(i)-labeled transfected cells demonstrated that MLC20 phosphorylation was increased 3.1 ± 0.9-fold in cells expressing tMK compared with cells expressing β-gal. Phosphopeptide mapping confirmed that myosin light chain kinase was responsible for the increased MLC20 phosphorylation. Transepithelial electrical resistance, a measurement of barrier function, of tMK cell monolayers was consistently <10% (123 ± 20 Ω · cm2) of that of monolayers comprised of wild-type cells (1,456 ± 178 Ω · cm2) or cells expressing β-gal (1,452 ± 174 Ω · cm2). Dual 22Na+ and [3H]mannitol flux studies indicated that the decrease in resistance in tMK cells was attributable to increased paracellular flow. These data support the idea that MLC20 phosphorylation by myosin light chain kinase is involved in regulating epithelial tight junction permeability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1678-C1684
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume271
Issue number5 40-5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1996

Keywords

  • cytoskeleton
  • epithelia
  • phosphorylation
  • tight junctions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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    Hecht, G., Pestic, L., Nikcevic, G., Koutsouris, A., Tripuraneni, J., Lorimer, D. D., Nowak, G., Guerriero, V., Elson, E. L., & De Lanerolle, P. (1996). Expression of the catalytic domain of myosin light chain kinase increases paracellular permeability. American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, 271(5 40-5), C1678-C1684. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpcell.1996.271.5.c1678