Expression of the matrix metalloproteinase promatrilysin in coculture of prostate carcinoma cell lines

M. S. Stratton, H. Sirvent, T. S. Udayakumar, Raymond B Nagle, G. T. Bowden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor progression. Matrilysin (MMP-7) has been shown to be upregulated in prostatic carcinomas and can increase the invasive capacity of DU-145 cells. Because of the heterogenous nature of prostatic tumors, we examined promatrilysin expression in cocultures containing two different prostatic carcinoma cell lines, DU-145 and LNCaP. METHODS. Using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses, promatrilysin expression was measured in DU-145/LNCaP cocultures and conditioned media cross-cultures. The effects of blocking IL-6 on promatrilysin expression were examined by pretreating conditioned media with IL-6 neutralizing antibody. RESULTS. A significant induction of promatrilysin expression was observed in DU-145/ LNCaP cocultures compared to LNCaP cells alone. In addition, DU-145 conditioned medium induced the same fold induction of promatrilysin as was observed in the cocultures. LNCaP cell conditioned medium did not induce promatrilysin expression in DU-145 cells. Neutralization of IL-6 with neutralizing antibody abrogated DU-145 conditioned media induced promatrilysin expression to baseline levels. CONCLUSIONS. IL-6 secreted by DU-145 cells can induce promatrilysin expression in LNCaP cells. IL-6, in vivo, may act as a paracrine signaling factor that regulates matrix metalloproteinase expression. Therefore, IL-6 may play a role in invasive metastatic processes of a prostate carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-209
Number of pages4
JournalProstate
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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Coculture Techniques
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Prostate
Carcinoma
Conditioned Culture Medium
Cell Line
Interleukin-6
Matrix Metalloproteinase 7
Neutralizing Antibodies
Paracrine Communication
promatrilysin
Neoplasms
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Keywords

  • Coculture
  • DU-145
  • IL-6
  • LNCaP
  • Matrilysin
  • Prostate carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Expression of the matrix metalloproteinase promatrilysin in coculture of prostate carcinoma cell lines. / Stratton, M. S.; Sirvent, H.; Udayakumar, T. S.; Nagle, Raymond B; Bowden, G. T.

In: Prostate, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2001, p. 206-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stratton, M. S. ; Sirvent, H. ; Udayakumar, T. S. ; Nagle, Raymond B ; Bowden, G. T. / Expression of the matrix metalloproteinase promatrilysin in coculture of prostate carcinoma cell lines. In: Prostate. 2001 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 206-209.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor progression. Matrilysin (MMP-7) has been shown to be upregulated in prostatic carcinomas and can increase the invasive capacity of DU-145 cells. Because of the heterogenous nature of prostatic tumors, we examined promatrilysin expression in cocultures containing two different prostatic carcinoma cell lines, DU-145 and LNCaP. METHODS. Using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses, promatrilysin expression was measured in DU-145/LNCaP cocultures and conditioned media cross-cultures. The effects of blocking IL-6 on promatrilysin expression were examined by pretreating conditioned media with IL-6 neutralizing antibody. RESULTS. A significant induction of promatrilysin expression was observed in DU-145/ LNCaP cocultures compared to LNCaP cells alone. In addition, DU-145 conditioned medium induced the same fold induction of promatrilysin as was observed in the cocultures. LNCaP cell conditioned medium did not induce promatrilysin expression in DU-145 cells. Neutralization of IL-6 with neutralizing antibody abrogated DU-145 conditioned media induced promatrilysin expression to baseline levels. CONCLUSIONS. IL-6 secreted by DU-145 cells can induce promatrilysin expression in LNCaP cells. IL-6, in vivo, may act as a paracrine signaling factor that regulates matrix metalloproteinase expression. Therefore, IL-6 may play a role in invasive metastatic processes of a prostate carcinoma.",
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T1 - Expression of the matrix metalloproteinase promatrilysin in coculture of prostate carcinoma cell lines

AU - Stratton, M. S.

AU - Sirvent, H.

AU - Udayakumar, T. S.

AU - Nagle, Raymond B

AU - Bowden, G. T.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - BACKGROUND. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor progression. Matrilysin (MMP-7) has been shown to be upregulated in prostatic carcinomas and can increase the invasive capacity of DU-145 cells. Because of the heterogenous nature of prostatic tumors, we examined promatrilysin expression in cocultures containing two different prostatic carcinoma cell lines, DU-145 and LNCaP. METHODS. Using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses, promatrilysin expression was measured in DU-145/LNCaP cocultures and conditioned media cross-cultures. The effects of blocking IL-6 on promatrilysin expression were examined by pretreating conditioned media with IL-6 neutralizing antibody. RESULTS. A significant induction of promatrilysin expression was observed in DU-145/ LNCaP cocultures compared to LNCaP cells alone. In addition, DU-145 conditioned medium induced the same fold induction of promatrilysin as was observed in the cocultures. LNCaP cell conditioned medium did not induce promatrilysin expression in DU-145 cells. Neutralization of IL-6 with neutralizing antibody abrogated DU-145 conditioned media induced promatrilysin expression to baseline levels. CONCLUSIONS. IL-6 secreted by DU-145 cells can induce promatrilysin expression in LNCaP cells. IL-6, in vivo, may act as a paracrine signaling factor that regulates matrix metalloproteinase expression. Therefore, IL-6 may play a role in invasive metastatic processes of a prostate carcinoma.

AB - BACKGROUND. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor progression. Matrilysin (MMP-7) has been shown to be upregulated in prostatic carcinomas and can increase the invasive capacity of DU-145 cells. Because of the heterogenous nature of prostatic tumors, we examined promatrilysin expression in cocultures containing two different prostatic carcinoma cell lines, DU-145 and LNCaP. METHODS. Using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analyses, promatrilysin expression was measured in DU-145/LNCaP cocultures and conditioned media cross-cultures. The effects of blocking IL-6 on promatrilysin expression were examined by pretreating conditioned media with IL-6 neutralizing antibody. RESULTS. A significant induction of promatrilysin expression was observed in DU-145/ LNCaP cocultures compared to LNCaP cells alone. In addition, DU-145 conditioned medium induced the same fold induction of promatrilysin as was observed in the cocultures. LNCaP cell conditioned medium did not induce promatrilysin expression in DU-145 cells. Neutralization of IL-6 with neutralizing antibody abrogated DU-145 conditioned media induced promatrilysin expression to baseline levels. CONCLUSIONS. IL-6 secreted by DU-145 cells can induce promatrilysin expression in LNCaP cells. IL-6, in vivo, may act as a paracrine signaling factor that regulates matrix metalloproteinase expression. Therefore, IL-6 may play a role in invasive metastatic processes of a prostate carcinoma.

KW - Coculture

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KW - Prostate carcinoma

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