Extended filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams in air

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Abstract

We report experimental results on ultrafast filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We find that by chirping the pulses, the longitudinal range of the generated plasma channels can be extended relative to filaments generated by fully compressed, transform-limited femtosecond pulses. We find a clear correlation between the extent of filamentation and the intensity of the on-axis emission by the femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beam. The on-axis emission is negligible for fully compressed pulses, but it can become quite substantial (up to 10% of the input pulse energy) when chirped pulses are used. Under certain conditions, the on-axis emission becomes sufficient for generating its own plasma channel thus resulting in extended filamentation. This effect may offer means of remote control over filament formation with femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We identify a four-wave mixing process, enhancement of which is likely to result in a maximum of the on-axis emission, and derive a simple expression for estimating the duration of the chirped pulse that is required for such enhancement. Our estimations are in good agreement with the experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-584
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2009

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air
pulses
filaments
remote control
augmentation
four-wave mixing
estimating
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

@article{31618bd6043041b7a8454687208a9752,
title = "Extended filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams in air",
abstract = "We report experimental results on ultrafast filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We find that by chirping the pulses, the longitudinal range of the generated plasma channels can be extended relative to filaments generated by fully compressed, transform-limited femtosecond pulses. We find a clear correlation between the extent of filamentation and the intensity of the on-axis emission by the femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beam. The on-axis emission is negligible for fully compressed pulses, but it can become quite substantial (up to 10{\%} of the input pulse energy) when chirped pulses are used. Under certain conditions, the on-axis emission becomes sufficient for generating its own plasma channel thus resulting in extended filamentation. This effect may offer means of remote control over filament formation with femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We identify a four-wave mixing process, enhancement of which is likely to result in a maximum of the on-axis emission, and derive a simple expression for estimating the duration of the chirped pulse that is required for such enhancement. Our estimations are in good agreement with the experiment.",
author = "Polynkin, {Pavel G} and Miroslav Kolesik and Moloney, {Jerome V}",
year = "2009",
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T1 - Extended filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams in air

AU - Polynkin, Pavel G

AU - Kolesik, Miroslav

AU - Moloney, Jerome V

PY - 2009/1/19

Y1 - 2009/1/19

N2 - We report experimental results on ultrafast filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We find that by chirping the pulses, the longitudinal range of the generated plasma channels can be extended relative to filaments generated by fully compressed, transform-limited femtosecond pulses. We find a clear correlation between the extent of filamentation and the intensity of the on-axis emission by the femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beam. The on-axis emission is negligible for fully compressed pulses, but it can become quite substantial (up to 10% of the input pulse energy) when chirped pulses are used. Under certain conditions, the on-axis emission becomes sufficient for generating its own plasma channel thus resulting in extended filamentation. This effect may offer means of remote control over filament formation with femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We identify a four-wave mixing process, enhancement of which is likely to result in a maximum of the on-axis emission, and derive a simple expression for estimating the duration of the chirped pulse that is required for such enhancement. Our estimations are in good agreement with the experiment.

AB - We report experimental results on ultrafast filamentation with temporally chirped femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We find that by chirping the pulses, the longitudinal range of the generated plasma channels can be extended relative to filaments generated by fully compressed, transform-limited femtosecond pulses. We find a clear correlation between the extent of filamentation and the intensity of the on-axis emission by the femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beam. The on-axis emission is negligible for fully compressed pulses, but it can become quite substantial (up to 10% of the input pulse energy) when chirped pulses are used. Under certain conditions, the on-axis emission becomes sufficient for generating its own plasma channel thus resulting in extended filamentation. This effect may offer means of remote control over filament formation with femtosecond Bessel-Gauss beams. We identify a four-wave mixing process, enhancement of which is likely to result in a maximum of the on-axis emission, and derive a simple expression for estimating the duration of the chirped pulse that is required for such enhancement. Our estimations are in good agreement with the experiment.

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