Extended Lyα nebulae at z ≃ 2.3: An extremely rare and strongly clustered population?

Yujin Yang, Ann I Zabludoff, Christy Tremonti, Daniel Eisenstein, Romeel S Dave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

To obtain an unbiased sample of bright Lyα blobs (LLyα≳ 1043 erg s-1), we have undertaken a blind, wide-field, narrowband imaging survey in the National Optical Astronomy Observatory Deep Wide Field Survey Boötes field with the Steward Bok 2.3 m telescope. After searching over 4.82 deg2 at z = 2.3, we discover four Lyα blobs with LLyα = 1.6-5.3×1043 erg s-1, isophotal areas of 28-57 □″, and broad Lyα line profiles (Δν = 900-1250 km s-1). In contrast with the extended Lyα halos associated with high-z radio galaxies, none of our four blobs are radio-loud. The X-ray luminosities and optical spectra of these blobs are diverse. Two blobs (3 and 4) are X-ray detected with LX(2-7 keV) = 2-4 ×1044 erg s-1 and have broad optical emission lines (C IV) characteristic of active galactic nucleus (AGN), implying that 50% of our sample blobs are associated with a strong AGN. The other 50% of the blobs (1 and 2) are not X-ray or optically detected as AGN down to similar limits. The number density of the four blobs is ∼ 3 ×10-6 h703 Mpc -3, comparable to that of galaxy clusters at similar redshifts and 3×lower than that found in the SSA22 proto-cluster at z = 3.1, even after accounting for the over-density of that region. The two X-ray undetected blobs are separated by only 70″ (550 kpc) and have almost identical redshifts (≲ 360 kpc along the line of sight), suggesting that they are part of the same system. Given the rarity of the blobs and our discovery of a close pair, we speculate that blobs occupy the highest density regions and thus may be precursors of today's rich-cluster galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1579-1587
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume693
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2009

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nebulae
active galactic nuclei
erg
x rays
radio
galaxies
radio galaxies
rarity
astronomy
line of sight
field survey
light emission
narrowband
optical spectrum
halos
observatories
observatory
luminosity
telescopes
profiles

Keywords

  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • intergalactic medium Online-only material: color figures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Extended Lyα nebulae at z ≃ 2.3 : An extremely rare and strongly clustered population? / Yang, Yujin; Zabludoff, Ann I; Tremonti, Christy; Eisenstein, Daniel; Dave, Romeel S.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 693, No. 2, 10.03.2009, p. 1579-1587.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Yujin ; Zabludoff, Ann I ; Tremonti, Christy ; Eisenstein, Daniel ; Dave, Romeel S. / Extended Lyα nebulae at z ≃ 2.3 : An extremely rare and strongly clustered population?. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 693, No. 2. pp. 1579-1587.
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abstract = "To obtain an unbiased sample of bright Lyα blobs (LLyα≳ 1043 erg s-1), we have undertaken a blind, wide-field, narrowband imaging survey in the National Optical Astronomy Observatory Deep Wide Field Survey Bo{\"o}tes field with the Steward Bok 2.3 m telescope. After searching over 4.82 deg2 at z = 2.3, we discover four Lyα blobs with LLyα = 1.6-5.3×1043 erg s-1, isophotal areas of 28-57 □″, and broad Lyα line profiles (Δν = 900-1250 km s-1). In contrast with the extended Lyα halos associated with high-z radio galaxies, none of our four blobs are radio-loud. The X-ray luminosities and optical spectra of these blobs are diverse. Two blobs (3 and 4) are X-ray detected with LX(2-7 keV) = 2-4 ×1044 erg s-1 and have broad optical emission lines (C IV) characteristic of active galactic nucleus (AGN), implying that 50{\%} of our sample blobs are associated with a strong AGN. The other 50{\%} of the blobs (1 and 2) are not X-ray or optically detected as AGN down to similar limits. The number density of the four blobs is ∼ 3 ×10-6 h703 Mpc -3, comparable to that of galaxy clusters at similar redshifts and 3×lower than that found in the SSA22 proto-cluster at z = 3.1, even after accounting for the over-density of that region. The two X-ray undetected blobs are separated by only 70″ (550 kpc) and have almost identical redshifts (≲ 360 kpc along the line of sight), suggesting that they are part of the same system. Given the rarity of the blobs and our discovery of a close pair, we speculate that blobs occupy the highest density regions and thus may be precursors of today's rich-cluster galaxies.",
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