Objectives: Coronary endarterectomy has been shown to be an effective adjunctive technique of revascularization for diffuse coronary artery disease. A long arteriotomy and reconstruction of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) are occasionally required for complete extraction of the atherosclerotic plaque. The aim of this study was to examine early and late results of this technique and compare 2 different reconstruction methods. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 224 consecutive patients who underwent extensive LAD endarterectomy and reconstruction between January 1992 and March 2010. For reconstruction, 101 patients underwent saphenous vein patch and LAD grafting (group A) and 123 patients had left internal thoracic artery onlay patch grafting (group B). We compared early and late outcomes and assessed the association of the reconstruction method and long-term survival. Results: The mean age was 66 and 67 years in groups A and B, respectively. Operative mortality was 3.0% and 4.1%, and the incidence of perioperative myocardial infarction in the LAD territory was 4.0% and 4.1% in groups A and B, respectively. There was no significant difference in early operative outcomes (P >.05). Actuarial 5-year survival was 78.6% and 87.1% and 10-year survival was 45.4% and 49.4% in groups A and B, respectively. Cox hazard proportional analysis showed that the reconstruction method did not have a significant impact on long-term survival. Conclusions: Extensive LAD endarterectomy and reconstruction is a safe and feasible technique of revascularization for diffuse coronary artery disease. The reconstruction method should be based on the availability of conduits and length of the arteriotomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine