External air compression: A rare cause of blunt esophageal injury, managed by a stent

Mohammed Muneer, Husham Abdelrahman, Ayman El-Menyar, Ibrahim Afifi, Ammar Al-Hassani, Ammar Almadani, Rifat - Latifi, Hassan Al-Thani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Blunt esophageal injuries secondary to external air compression of anterior chest and abdomen complicated with esophageal perforation are uncommon events associated with worse outcomes. PRESENTATION OF CASE We reported a rare case of esophageal perforation following an external air-compression injury along with the relevant review of literatures. The patient presented with chest pain and shortness of breath and was managed with tube thoracostomy, followed by thoracotomy and eventually with temporary endoscopic stenting. DISCUSSION In such trauma case, the external pressurized air forms a shock wave which usually directed to the hollow viscus. Patients with external air-compression injury presented with chest pain and pneumothorax should be suspected for esophageal perforation. CONCLUSION High index of suspicion is needed for early diagnosis of esophageal perforation after blunt trauma. Appropriate drainage, antibiotic and temporary endoscopic esophageal stenting may be an optimal approach in selected patients, especially with delayed diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-623
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Blunt esophageal perforation
  • External air compression
  • Stenting
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Muneer, M., Abdelrahman, H., El-Menyar, A., Afifi, I., Al-Hassani, A., Almadani, A., Latifi, R. ., & Al-Thani, H. (2014). External air compression: A rare cause of blunt esophageal injury, managed by a stent. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 5(9), 620-623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2014.06.011