Extremely organic-rich coma of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) during its outburst in 2012

Hideyo Kawakita, Neil Dello Russo, Ron Vervack, Hitomi Kobayashi, Mike A. Disanti, Cyrielle Opitom, Emmanuel Jehin, Harold A. Weaver, Anita L. Cochran, Walter M Harris, Dominique Bockelée-Morvan, Nicolas Biver, Jacques Crovisier, Adam J. McKay, Jean Manfroid, Michael Gillon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We performed high-dispersion near-infrared spectroscopic observations of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) at 2.5 AU from the Sun using NIRSPEC (R ≈ 25,000) at the Keck II Telescope on UT 2012 January 9 and 10, about a week after an outburst had occurred. Over the two nights of our observations, prominent emission lines of CH4 and C2H6, along with weaker emission lines of H2O, HCN, CH3OH, and CO were detected. The gas production rate of CO was comparable to that of H2O during the outburst. The mixing ratios of CO, HCN, CH4, C 2H6, and CH3OH with respect to H2O were higher than those for normal comets by a factor of five or more. The enrichment of CO and CH4 in comet Hill suggests that the sublimation of these hypervolatiles sustained the outburst of the comet. Some fraction of water in the inner coma might exist as icy grains that were likely ejected from nucleus by the sublimation of hypervolatiles. Mixing ratios of volatiles in comet Hill are indicative of the interstellar heritage without significant alteration in the solar nebula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume788
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

coma
comets
outburst
comet
sublimation
mixing ratios
mixing ratio
solar nebula
gas production
night
near infrared
sun
telescopes
nuclei
gases
water

Keywords

  • comets: general
  • comets: individual (C/2010 G2 (Hill)
  • ISM: molecules
  • protoplanetary disks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Kawakita, H., Russo, N. D., Vervack, R., Kobayashi, H., Disanti, M. A., Opitom, C., ... Gillon, M. (2014). Extremely organic-rich coma of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) during its outburst in 2012. Astrophysical Journal, 788(2), [110]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/788/2/110

Extremely organic-rich coma of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) during its outburst in 2012. / Kawakita, Hideyo; Russo, Neil Dello; Vervack, Ron; Kobayashi, Hitomi; Disanti, Mike A.; Opitom, Cyrielle; Jehin, Emmanuel; Weaver, Harold A.; Cochran, Anita L.; Harris, Walter M; Bockelée-Morvan, Dominique; Biver, Nicolas; Crovisier, Jacques; McKay, Adam J.; Manfroid, Jean; Gillon, Michael.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 788, No. 2, 110, 20.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kawakita, H, Russo, ND, Vervack, R, Kobayashi, H, Disanti, MA, Opitom, C, Jehin, E, Weaver, HA, Cochran, AL, Harris, WM, Bockelée-Morvan, D, Biver, N, Crovisier, J, McKay, AJ, Manfroid, J & Gillon, M 2014, 'Extremely organic-rich coma of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) during its outburst in 2012', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 788, no. 2, 110. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/788/2/110
Kawakita H, Russo ND, Vervack R, Kobayashi H, Disanti MA, Opitom C et al. Extremely organic-rich coma of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) during its outburst in 2012. Astrophysical Journal. 2014 Jun 20;788(2). 110. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/788/2/110
Kawakita, Hideyo ; Russo, Neil Dello ; Vervack, Ron ; Kobayashi, Hitomi ; Disanti, Mike A. ; Opitom, Cyrielle ; Jehin, Emmanuel ; Weaver, Harold A. ; Cochran, Anita L. ; Harris, Walter M ; Bockelée-Morvan, Dominique ; Biver, Nicolas ; Crovisier, Jacques ; McKay, Adam J. ; Manfroid, Jean ; Gillon, Michael. / Extremely organic-rich coma of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) during its outburst in 2012. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 788, No. 2.
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abstract = "We performed high-dispersion near-infrared spectroscopic observations of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) at 2.5 AU from the Sun using NIRSPEC (R ≈ 25,000) at the Keck II Telescope on UT 2012 January 9 and 10, about a week after an outburst had occurred. Over the two nights of our observations, prominent emission lines of CH4 and C2H6, along with weaker emission lines of H2O, HCN, CH3OH, and CO were detected. The gas production rate of CO was comparable to that of H2O during the outburst. The mixing ratios of CO, HCN, CH4, C 2H6, and CH3OH with respect to H2O were higher than those for normal comets by a factor of five or more. The enrichment of CO and CH4 in comet Hill suggests that the sublimation of these hypervolatiles sustained the outburst of the comet. Some fraction of water in the inner coma might exist as icy grains that were likely ejected from nucleus by the sublimation of hypervolatiles. Mixing ratios of volatiles in comet Hill are indicative of the interstellar heritage without significant alteration in the solar nebula.",
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AU - Opitom, Cyrielle

AU - Jehin, Emmanuel

AU - Weaver, Harold A.

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AU - Biver, Nicolas

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