Facial muscle patterning to affective imagery in depressed and nondepressed subjects

Gary E. Schwartz, Paul L. Fair, Patricia Salt, Michel R. Mandel, Gerald L. Klerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

236 Scopus citations


When subjects imagine happy, sad, and angry situations, different patterns of facial muscle activity are produced which can be measured by electromyography. These subtle, typically covert, facial expression patterns differentiate depressed from nondepressed subjects. Facial electromyography can provide a sensitive, objective index of normal and clinical mood states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-491
Number of pages3
Issue number4238
StatePublished - Jan 1 1976
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

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