Facial recognition memory in dementia.

R. S. Wilson, Alfred W Kaszniak, L. D. Bacon, J. H. Fox, M. P. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous investigations of memory in senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT) have focused on verbal learning and memory. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the amnesia of SDAT is limited to verbal material. Patients with SDAT (N = 29; mean age = 69.3) and healthy normal controls (N = 41; mean age = 69.3) were given a test of facial perception and two recognition memory tasks, one for words and one for faces. The results indicate that dementia patients show a deficit in the retention of facial information. This deficit cannot be attributed to faculty initial perception or to a response bias. The verbal and facial memory deficits in SDAT appear to differ: performance on tests of verbal and facial memory is relatively independent, and substantial encoding and linguistic defects contribute to the verbal, but not the facial, memory disorder resulting in more severe impairment on tests of verbal memory. The implications of these findings for research on the neuropharmacology and pathophysiology of SDAT are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalCortex
Volume18
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1982

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Dementia
Alzheimer Disease
Memory Disorders
Neuropharmacology
Verbal Learning
Amnesia
Linguistics
Facial Recognition
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Wilson, R. S., Kaszniak, A. W., Bacon, L. D., Fox, J. H., & Kelly, M. P. (1982). Facial recognition memory in dementia. Cortex, 18(3), 329-336.

Facial recognition memory in dementia. / Wilson, R. S.; Kaszniak, Alfred W; Bacon, L. D.; Fox, J. H.; Kelly, M. P.

In: Cortex, Vol. 18, No. 3, 10.1982, p. 329-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wilson, RS, Kaszniak, AW, Bacon, LD, Fox, JH & Kelly, MP 1982, 'Facial recognition memory in dementia.', Cortex, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 329-336.
Wilson RS, Kaszniak AW, Bacon LD, Fox JH, Kelly MP. Facial recognition memory in dementia. Cortex. 1982 Oct;18(3):329-336.
Wilson, R. S. ; Kaszniak, Alfred W ; Bacon, L. D. ; Fox, J. H. ; Kelly, M. P. / Facial recognition memory in dementia. In: Cortex. 1982 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 329-336.
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