Facile synthesis of a nanocrystalline metal-organic framework impregnated with a phosphovanadomolybdate and its remarkable catalytic performance in ultradeep oxidative desulfurization

Yiwei Liu, Shumei Liu, Shuxia Liu, Dadong Liang, Shujun Li, Qun Tang, Xingquan Wang, Jun Miao, Zhan Shi, Zhiping Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reducing the level of sulfur content in fuel oils has long been desired for environmental reasons. Polyoxometalates (POMs) can act as catalysts to remove sulfur-containing heterocyclic compounds by the process of oxidative desulfurization under mild conditions. However, one key obstacle to the development of POM-based catalysts is the poor solubility of POMs in the overall nonpolar environment. We report a novel strategy for the introduction of catalytically active POMs into nonpolar reaction systems by encapsulating the inorganic catalyst within the pores of a metal-organic framework structure in which the organic ligands act as hydrophobic groups. The nanocrystalline catalysts, obtained rapidly and conveniently by both solution and mechanochemical synthesis, showed remarkable activities in catalytic oxidative desulfurization reactions in both a model diesel environment and in real diesel wherein dibenzothiophene was converted rapidly and quantitatively into dibenzothiophene sulfone. MOF-encased POMS: Nanocrystalline catalysts (i.e., NENU-9N) consisting of polyoxometalates (POMs) encased by metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are synthesized. The catalysts can preconcentrate organic substrates and are able to disperse in nonpolar media by using the aromatic ligands in the MOFs as hydrophobic groups. The catalysts exhibit excellent activity in the oxidative desulfurization of dibenzothiophene (DBT).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3086-3091
Number of pages6
JournalChemCatChem
Volume5
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • Desulfurization
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Nanocatalysts
  • Nanostructures
  • Polyoxometalates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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