Factor structure of the Hamilton rating scale for depression in a cohort of community-dwelling elderly

Lisa L. Onega, Ivo L. Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations


We examined the factor structure of the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRS-D) in 206 community-dwelling elderly patients. Using principal components analysis and quartimax rotation, a four-factor structure involving all 17 items and accounting for 57.7% of the variance was derived. The factors represented the following dimensions of depressive symptomatology and illness: depressed affect, vegetative symptoms, anxiety, and agitation/insight. This factor structure reflects the presentation of depressive symptomatology and depressive illness in this population. Findings suggest that the HRS-D can be used for clinical assessment of depressive symptomatology along major dimensions of depressive illness in community-dwelling elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)760-764
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 1997
Externally publishedYes



  • Assessment of depression
  • Community-dwelling elderly
  • Factor analysis
  • Hamilton rating scale for depression
  • Psychometrics
  • Screening instruments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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