Factors associated with bullying behavior in middle school students

Laura K Bosworth, Dorothy L. Espelage, Thomas R. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

276 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, bullying was examined as a continuum of mild-to-extreme behaviors, and the potential correlates of bullying others were delineated. To improve identification and targeting of those youth at risk for bullying, demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial correlates were tested on a continuous measure of bullying behavior rated according to the number and frequency of behaviors. Among 558 middle school students surveyed in 1995, only 20% reported no bullying behavior. In multiple regression analysis, misconduct, anger, beliefs supportive of violence, confidence in using nonviolent strategies, and intentions to use nonviolent strategies were associated with levels of bullying behavior. Although boys reported more bullying behavior than did girls, gender was not a significant predictor in the multiple regression analysis. These study results were inconsistent with the perspective that early adolescents were either bullies or nonbullies and indicated the need for a comprehensive approach to preventing bullying behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-362
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Volume19
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1999

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Bullying
exclusion
Students
student
regression analysis
Regression Analysis
anger
Anger
Violence
confidence
violence
adolescent
Demography
gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Factors associated with bullying behavior in middle school students. / Bosworth, Laura K; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Simon, Thomas R.

In: Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 19, No. 3, 08.1999, p. 341-362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bosworth, Laura K ; Espelage, Dorothy L. ; Simon, Thomas R. / Factors associated with bullying behavior in middle school students. In: Journal of Early Adolescence. 1999 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 341-362.
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