Factors associated with quality of life among rural women with HIV disease

Medha Vyavaharkar, Linda Moneyham, Carolyn Murdaugh, Abbas Tavakoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined physical, psychological, and social factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among a sample of 399 rural women with HIV disease living in the Southeastern United States. Of the socio-demographic variables, age (p = .003), race (p<0001), and time of HIV diagnosis (p = .03) were significantly associated with QOL. In bi-variate analysis, HIV symptoms (frequency and extent symptoms were bothersome), perceived stigma, internalized stigma, and depression were significantly and negatively associated with QOL whereas social support, problem-focused coping, perceived situational control, and healthy lifestyles were significantly and positively associated with QOL (all p<0001). In adjusted analysis, HIV symptom frequency, depression, problem-focused coping, perceived situational control, perceived stigma, healthy lifestyles, and race remained significant predictors of QOL and explained 55% of the variance in QOL among the study participants (model F 7, 390 = 66.7; p<0001). The study findings identify potential points of interventions to improve QOL among rural women with HIV disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-303
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Keywords

  • HIV disease
  • Quality of life
  • Rural
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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