Factors that facilitate or impair kinesic and vocalic nonverbal behaviors during interpersonal deception

Judee K. Burgoon, Lauren M. Hamel, J. Pete Blair, Nathan W. Twyman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter presents results of an original interactive experiment in which truthful or deceptive interviewees were highly motivated (or not) and interviewed in one of three interaction modalities: face-to-face, audio, or text. Participants committed or observed a mock crime and then were interviewed by trained interviewers. Motivated interviewees became more animated facially and posturally and used more vocalized pauses and dysfluencies, regardless of veracity. Deceivers reduced gestures and movement and used more vocalized fillers, which became more prevalent over time. Deceivers reported higher motivation, negative arousal, cognitive effort, and behavioral control than truth tellers, especially in nonverbal modalities. Adaptation across phases of the interview challenges overreliance on nonverbal behaviors as deception signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSocial Intelligence and Nonverbal Communication
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages79-117
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)9783030349646
ISBN (Print)9783030349639
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Arousal
  • Behavioral control
  • Cognitive effort
  • Cognitive load
  • Deception detection
  • Interpersonal deception theory
  • Modality
  • Motivation impairment
  • Nonverbal communication
  • Strategic adaptation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Burgoon, J. K., Hamel, L. M., Blair, J. P., & Twyman, N. W. (2020). Factors that facilitate or impair kinesic and vocalic nonverbal behaviors during interpersonal deception. In Social Intelligence and Nonverbal Communication (pp. 79-117). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-34964-6_4