Factors which affect use of breast conservation and mastectomy in an underinsured hispanic population

Lyndsay Olsen-Deeter, Chiu Hsieh Hsu, Jesse N. Nodora, Marcia E. Bouton, Justin Nalagan, Maria Elena Martinez, Ian K. Komenaka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Despite no difference in overall survival between breast conservation and mastectomy, significant variation exists between institutions and within populations. Less data exists about racial and ethnic minority populations. The current study was performed to evaluate variables that affect use of breast conservation and mastectomy in an underinsured Hispanic population.Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all patients who self-identified as of Hispanic ethnicity and underwent breast cancer operations from July 2001 to February 2011 at a safety net hospital. Sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment variables were evaluated. All patients with documented contraindications to breast conservation were excluded. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were performed to identify variables which were associated with type of operation . Results: The average age of the 219 patients included was 50 years. Most of the patients (93%) were insured with Medicaid or uninsured and 59% presentedwith clinical stage 2A/B cancers. Mastectomywas performed in 33% of patients and 67% had breast conservation. In adjusted multivariate analysis higher pathologic stage (p = 0.01) and Englishspeakers (p = 0.03)were associatedwithmastectomy. Bycontrast,higherBMI (p = 0.03) and use of preoperative chemotherapy (p = 0.01) were associated with breast conservation . Conclusions: In this underinsured Hispanic population, patients with higher pathologic stage and English speaking patients were more likely to undergo mastectomy. Patients who underwent preoperative chemotherapy and who had higher BMI were more likely to undergo breast conservation .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-191
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Oncology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Breast conservation
  • Ethnicity
  • Hispanic
  • Latina
  • Lumpectomy
  • Preoperative chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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