We studied the effects of acute hypoxia (Fi02=0.09-0.11, 20 min,.) on transpulmonary plasma prostaglandin (PG) concentrations in ten anaesthetized, paralyzed, artificially ventilated dogs. Concentrations of 6-keto-PGF1α, TxB2, PGE2, PGF2α, and 13, 13-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2α were measured from the pulmonary artery and abdominal aorta using radioimmunoassay. In an additional six dogs, the effects of arachidonic acid (AA) infusions (100 mg/kg/min) during normoxia and acute hypoxia were determined. Compared to normoxic conditions, acute hypoxia increased pulmonary artery pressure (p<0.0), decreased both the arterial oxygen tension (Pa02) and the alveolar-to-arterial oxygen tension gradient (A-aD02) (p <0.05), but did not affect transpulmonary plasma PG concentrations. AA infusions significantly (p <0.05) increased 6-keto-PGF1α independent of Fi02. Acute hypoxia failed to elicit a pulmonary pressor response in the AA-treated animals although Pa02 and A-aD02 decreased (p<0.5). These data in healthy dogs suggest that (1) acute hypoxia does not alter net pulmonary PG metabolism, (2) prostacyclin synthesis is stimulated by increased plasma AA concentrations and (3) this effect may block normal pressor responses to hypoxic stimuli.
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