Background: Previous researchers have found significant familial aggregation but no evidence of Mendelian inheritance of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in general population studies. However, the influence of cigarette smoking on familial aggregation of FEV1 has been difficult to assess in these studies. Objectives: The main objective of our study was to attempt to discern the effects of smoking on familial correlation and segregation models of FEV1. Subjects and methods: In a randomly selected sample of white, non-Mexican American families in Tucson, Arizona, we performed two separate familial correlation and segregation analyses of FEV1, one adjusted for cigarette smoking and one unadjusted for smoking. In both, initial survey measures of FEV1 for 1329 females and 1291 males in 746 families were standardized for gender, age, height and height-squared using piecewise linear regression models. In the smoking-adjusted model, total number of pack-years smoked, current and ex-smoking status, and the interaction between total pack-years and current smoking status were also included. Results: FEV1 was significantly correlated among sibling pairs and parent-offspring pairs (both p < 0.001), regardless of smoking adjustment, but sibling correlation was significantly higher than parent-offspring correlation (p < 0.05), suggesting additional effects beyond common parentage. Spousal correlations were not significant even when both spouses smoked. We found no evidence of major gene segregation of FEV1, with or without smoking adjustment, and all of the segregation models were significantly different from the unrestricted model. Conclusions: The best-fitting model was an environmental model with three distinct distributions of FEV1 and significant residual familial effects. A significant familial component suggests the presence of polygenic factors and/or effects due to a shared environment (multi-factorial). That familial correlations of smoking-adjusted and smoking-unadjusted residuals were not appreciably different suggests that current smoking status and number of pack-years smoked do not account for the observed familial aggregation of FEV1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health