Far-red and blue light synergistically mitigate intumescence injury of tomato plants grown under ultraviolet-deficit light environment

Tomomi Eguchi, Ricardo Hernández, Chieri Kubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intumescence injury is an abiotic-stress-induced physiological disorder associated with abnormal cell enlargement and cell division. The symptom includes blister-or callus-like growths on leaves, which occur on sensitive cultivars of tomato when they are grown under ultraviolet (UV)-deficit light environment, such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Previous studies suggest that intumescence can be reduced by increasing far-red (FR) or blue light. In the present study, effects of end-of-day FR (EOD-FR) light and high blue photon flux (PF) ratio during the photoperiod on intumescence injury were examined using ‘Beaufort’ interspecific tomato rootstock seedlings (Solanum lycopersicum × Solanum habrochaites), a cultivar highly susceptible to intumescence injury. Our study showed that EOD-FR light treatment moderately suppressed intumescence injury. Using EOD-FR light treatment, the percent number of leaves exhibiting intumescences was reduced from 62.0-70.7% to 39.4-43.1%. By combining high blue PF ratio (75%) during the photoperiod and EOD-FR light treatment, the percent number of leaves exhibiting intumescences was further suppressed to 5.0%. Furthermore, the combination of high blue PF ratio and EOD-FR light treatment inhibited undesirable stem elongation caused by EOD-FR light treatment. We found that high blue PF ratio during the photoperiod combined with a small dose of EOD-FR lighting (≈1 mmol·mL-2·µL-1 provided by 5.2 mmol·mL-2·sL-1 FR PF for 3.3 minutes) could inhibit the problematic intumescence injury of tomato plants grown under LEDs without negatively influencing growth or morphology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)712-719
Number of pages8
JournalHortScience
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Blue light
  • Edema
  • End-of-day
  • Far-red light
  • LED
  • Light quality
  • Oedema
  • Solanum habrochaitas
  • Solanum lycopersicum
  • Transplants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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