FAR-UV SPECTROSCOPY of the PLANET-HOSTING STAR WASP-13: HIGH-ENERGY IRRADIANCE, DISTANCE, AGE, PLANETARY MASS-LOSS RATE, and CIRCUMSTELLAR ENVIRONMENT

L. Fossati, K. France, T. Koskinen, I. G. Juvan, C. A. Haswell, M. Lendl

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several transiting hot Jupiters orbit relatively inactive main-sequence stars. For some of those, the log RHK activity parameter lies below the basal level (-5.1). Two explanations have been proposed so far: (i) the planet affects the stellar dynamo, (ii) the log RHK measurements are biased by extrinsic absorption, either by the interstellar medium (ISM) or by material local to the system. We present here Hubble Space Telescope/COS far-UV spectra of WASP- 13, which hosts an inflated hot Jupiter and has a measured log RHK value (-5.26), well below the basal level. From the stars spectral energy distribution we obtain an extinction E (B - V) = 0.045 ± 0.025 mag and a distance d = 232 ± 8 pc. We detect at ≳4σ lines belonging to three different ionization states of carbon (C I, C II, and C IV) and the Si IV doublet at ∼3σ. Using far-UV spectra of nearby early G-type stars of known age, we derive a C IV/C I flux ratioage relation, from which we estimate WASP-13s age to be 5.1 ± 2.0 Gyr. We rescale the solar irradiance reference spectrum to match the flux of the C IV 1548 doublet. By integrating the rescaled solar spectrum, we obtain an XUV flux at 1 AU of 5.4 erg s-1 cm-2. We use a detailed model of the planets upper atmosphere, deriving a mass-loss rate of 1.5 × 1011 g s-1. Despite the low log RHK value, the star shows a far-UV spectrum typical of middle-aged solar-type stars, pointing toward the presence of significant extrinsic absorption. The analysis of a high-resolution spectrum of the Ca II H&K lines indicates that the ISM absorption could be the origin of the low log RHK value. Nevertheless, the large uncertainty in the Ca II ISM abundance does not allow us to firmly exclude the presence of circumstellar gas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number118
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume815
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 20 2015

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Keywords

  • ISM: abundances
  • planets and satellites: individual (WASP-13b)
  • stars: activity
  • stars: individual (WASP-13)
  • ultraviolet: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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