Fast ion transport in oxide glasses

H. L. Tuller, D. P. Button, Donald R Uhlmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

343 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The discovery of fast ion transport in solids has in recent years stimulated much interest in the scientific community both with regard to obtaining improved understanding of the phenomenon and applying such materials in advanced battery systems. More recently the phenomenon of fast ion transport has also been observed to occur in increasing numbers of amorphous systems. In this paper we review recent transport data obtained in over 100 glasses which appear to exhibit exceptionally high Ag, Li, Na and F ion conductivities at temperatures far from the melting points. We also include results recently obtained in our laboratory for glasses in the lithium borate system. Common characteristics of these glasses are summarized and are compared with predictions of classical diffusion theory. Relatively low and composition-independent values of σ0 indicate poor agreement with a simple isolated-ion diffusion model, while composition-dependent activation energies are related to structural changes. Some glasses share similar properties with their crystalline counterparts while others do not. This is discussed in terms of the relative disorder already existing within the crystals. The need for improved characterization of glasses is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-118
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume40
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Oxides
Ions
Glass
oxides
glass
ions
lithium borates
diffusion theory
Chemical analysis
melting points
Melting point
electric batteries
Lithium
Activation energy
disorders
activation energy
Crystalline materials
conductivity
Crystals
predictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Fast ion transport in oxide glasses. / Tuller, H. L.; Button, D. P.; Uhlmann, Donald R.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 40, No. 1-3, 1980, p. 93-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tuller, H. L. ; Button, D. P. ; Uhlmann, Donald R. / Fast ion transport in oxide glasses. In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 1980 ; Vol. 40, No. 1-3. pp. 93-118.
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