Fast neutron flux spectrum aboard Mars Odyssey during cruise

W. C. Feldman, T. H. Prettyman, R. L. Tokar, W. V. Boynton, R. C. Byrd, K. R. Fuller, O. Gasnault, J. L. Longmire, R. H. Olsher, S. A. Storms, G. W. Thornton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

[1] The energy spectrum of fast neutrons generated by interactions between galactic cosmic rays and the Mars Odyssey spacecraft during quiet interplanetary conditions is determined. It is given by Φn(En) = (0.071 ± 0.0044) En-(0.28±0.055) cm -2 s-1 MeV-1 for energies between 0.7 and 6 MeV. The estimated ratio of this component of spacecraft neutron background to the Martian leakage flux in Mars orbit is expected to amount to between 0.30 and 0.34. This fraction is sufficiently small so that the total background in orbit about Mars is expected to be dominated by Martian leakage neutrons reprocessed by the spacecraft. Nevertheless, the measured asymmetry properties of the Odyssey Neutron Spectrometer response function should allow separation of foreground and background neutron fluxes when in Mars orbit. The fast neutron flux between 0.7 and 6 MeV should only contribute 0.40 Roentgen Equivalent Man (rem) per year to the total radiation dose aboard a Mars Odyssey class spacecraft at solar maximum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume107
Issue numberA6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2002

Keywords

  • Energy spectrum
  • Fast neutrons
  • Spacecraft background

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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    Feldman, W. C., Prettyman, T. H., Tokar, R. L., Boynton, W. V., Byrd, R. C., Fuller, K. R., Gasnault, O., Longmire, J. L., Olsher, R. H., Storms, S. A., & Thornton, G. W. (2002). Fast neutron flux spectrum aboard Mars Odyssey during cruise. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 107(A6). https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JA000295