Fast-scan controlled-adsorption voltammetry for the quantification of absolute concentrations and adsorption dynamics

Christopher W. Atcherley, Nicholas D. Laude, Kate L. Parent, Michael L. Heien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fast-scan cyclic voltammetry has depended on background subtraction to quantify small changes in neurotransmitter concentration. Because of this requirement, measurements of absolute concentrations using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry have been limited. Here we develop and characterize fast-scan controlled-adsorption voltammetry (FSCAV), which enables direct measurements of absolute concentrations in vitro without the use of flow injection to change the concentration. This enables probing the diffusion-controlled adsorption dynamics of biogenic amines and other adsorbing species. An implicit finite-difference model of mass-transport-limited adsorption was developed and is in agreement with experimental results. Optimization of FSCAV yielded a sensitivity of 81 ± 11 nA/μM for dopamine, corresponding to a limit of detection of 3.7 ± 0.5 nM. Through the combination of novel instrumentation and validated computer simulations, we show that FSCAV is an important measurement tool that can be used to determine absolute concentrations and study mass-transport-limited adsorption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14885-14892
Number of pages8
JournalLangmuir
Volume29
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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