Fast variability and millimeter/IR flares in grmhd models of sgr a∗ from strong-field gravitational lensing

Chi Kwan Chan, Dimitrios Psaltis, Feryal Özel, Lia Medeiros, Daniel P Marrone, Aleksander Sadowski, Ramesh Narayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We explore the variability properties of long, high-cadence general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations across the electromagnetic spectrum using an efficient, GPU-based radiative transfer algorithm. We focus on both standard and normal evolution (SANE) and magnetically arrested disk (MAD) simulations with parameters that successfully reproduce the time-averaged spectral properties of Sgr A∗ and the size of its image at 1.3 mm. We find that the SANE models produce short-timescale variability with amplitudes and power spectra that closely resemble those inferred observationally. In contrast, MAD models generate only slow variability at lower flux levels. Neither set of models shows any X-ray flares, which most likely indicates that additional physics, such as particle acceleration mechanisms, need to be incorporated into the GRMHD simulations to account for them. The SANE models show strong, short-lived millimeter/infrared (IR) flares, with short (≲1 hr) time lags between the millimeter and IR wavelengths, that arise from the combination of short-lived magnetic flux tubes and strong-field gravitational lensing near the horizon. Such events provide a natural explanation for the observed IR flares with no X-ray counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume812
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2015

Fingerprint

gravitational fields
flares
magnetohydrodynamic simulation
magnetohydrodynamics
simulation
electromagnetic spectra
particle acceleration
radiative transfer
horizon
magnetic flux
power spectra
x rays
time lag
physics
tubes
wavelength
timescale
wavelengths

Keywords

  • accretion, accretion disks
  • black hole physics
  • Galaxy: center
  • radiative transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Fast variability and millimeter/IR flares in grmhd models of sgr a∗ from strong-field gravitational lensing. / Chan, Chi Kwan; Psaltis, Dimitrios; Özel, Feryal; Medeiros, Lia; Marrone, Daniel P; Sadowski, Aleksander; Narayan, Ramesh.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 812, No. 2, 103, 20.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chan, Chi Kwan ; Psaltis, Dimitrios ; Özel, Feryal ; Medeiros, Lia ; Marrone, Daniel P ; Sadowski, Aleksander ; Narayan, Ramesh. / Fast variability and millimeter/IR flares in grmhd models of sgr a∗ from strong-field gravitational lensing. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 812, No. 2.
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