Fat-free mass in children and young adults predicted from bioelectric impedance and anthropometric variables

S. Guo, A. F. Roche, L. Houtkooper

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Fat-free mass (FFM) values calculated from densitometry by using a multicomponent model were significantly (p < 0.05) larger than those from the Siri two-component model (465 males, 441 females), especially in children and females. The multicomponent model assumes the density of FFM varies by age and sex because of differences in its constituents. With FFM values from the multicomponent model as the dependent variables and impedance and anthropometry as the independent variables, prediction equations were derived by all possible subsets of regression (140 males, 110 females). These equations had RMSEs of 2.2-2.3 kg and CVs of 5.0-5.8%. Cross-validation results were excellent for young adults but less satisfactory for children for whom a different calf skinfold had been measured. The selected equations are applicable to healthy white individuals aged 7-25 y.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-443
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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