Fatal abrin poisoning by injection

Ginger R. Rinner, Sarah A. Watkins, Farshad Mazda Shirazi, Miguel C. Fernández, Greg Hess, Jason Mihalic, Susan Runcorn, Victor Waddell, Jana Ritter, Sarah Reagan-Steiner, Jerry Thomas, Luke Yip, Frank G. Walter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abrin is a toxin of public health concern due to its lethality, lack of antidote, and potential for use as a bioterrorism agent. Possible routes of exposure include ingestion, inhalation, and injection. Onset of symptoms is often delayed, even in severe cases. In fatal cases, death occurs from multi-organ failure. We describe the clinical course, laboratory, and pathologic findings in a case of fatal human poisoning associated with abrin injection. The Abrus precatorius seeds in this case were obtained via the internet. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Laboratory Response Network detected abrine in the urine confirming abrin exposure in this fatal poisoning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-171
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Toxicology
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Abrin
  • bioterrorism
  • ricin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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