Fatal pulmonary hemorrhage after use of the flow-directed balloon-tipped catheter

L. A. Pape, C. I. Haffajee, J. E. Markis, I. S. Ockene, J. A. Paraskos, J. E. Dalen, Joseph S Alpert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations


The flow-directed balloon-tipped catheter is extensively used in intensive care units, catheterization laboratories, operating rooms, and emergency wards. Major complications associated with its use have not been frequently reported. In a recent 2-year period in four hospitals, the authors identified five cases of fatal pulmonary hemorrhage resulting from balloon-tipped catheters. The authors review here four additional cases previously cited in the literature and discuss possible mechanisms and predisposing factors associated with this complication and guidelines for safe use of these catheters. Pulmonary artery rupture is probably commoner than previously reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-347
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Internal Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1979
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Pape, L. A., Haffajee, C. I., Markis, J. E., Ockene, I. S., Paraskos, J. A., Dalen, J. E., & Alpert, J. S. (1979). Fatal pulmonary hemorrhage after use of the flow-directed balloon-tipped catheter. Annals of Internal Medicine, 90(3), 344-347.