Fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers during wastewater treatment/polishing and sludge stabilization/disposal

Robert G Arnold, Sondra Teske, Matt Tomanek, Jason Engstrom, Cary Leung, Jianmin Zhang, Qais Banihani, David M Quanrud, Wendell P Ela, Avelino E Saez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Large quantities of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been used as flame retardants in clothing and plastic products since the 1970s. A small fraction of the PBDEs in manufactured products subsequently enters municipal wastewater. Nevertheless, the resistance of these compounds to chemical and biochemical transformations provides opportunities for accumulation in sediments that are in contact with wastewater effluent and agricultural soils that are amended with biosolids derived from wastewater treatment. Balances developed for PBDE congeners indicate that conventional wastewater treatment processes and soil infiltration of treated wastewater in recharge operations do not discriminate significantly among the major congeners in commercially available PBDE products. Accumulation of PBDEs at near part-per-million levels was measured in the surface sediments at the Sweetwater Recharge Facility in Tucson, Arizona, during 10-15 years of operation. Half-lives for loss of major PBDE congeners from sediments were decades or longer. Local agricultural soils amended with biosolids over a 20-year period showed similar accumulation of PBDEs. The widespread use of PBDEs in commercial products, compound persistence, and toxicity indicate that additional effort is warranted to better understand fate-determining processes for PBDEs in the environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Pages394-411
Number of pages18
Volume1140
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Publication series

NameAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1140
ISSN (Print)00778923
ISSN (Electronic)17496632

Fingerprint

Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers
Waste Water
Sewage
Polishing
Waste disposal
Wastewater treatment
Stabilization
Biosolids
Sediments
Wastewater
Soil
Soils
Flame Retardants
Plastic products
Clothing
Infiltration
Plastics
Toxicity
Effluents

Keywords

  • Biosolids
  • Flame retardants
  • PBDE
  • Sludge
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Arnold, R. G., Teske, S., Tomanek, M., Engstrom, J., Leung, C., Zhang, J., ... Saez, A. E. (2008). Fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers during wastewater treatment/polishing and sludge stabilization/disposal. In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Vol. 1140, pp. 394-411). (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; Vol. 1140). https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1454.012

Fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers during wastewater treatment/polishing and sludge stabilization/disposal. / Arnold, Robert G; Teske, Sondra; Tomanek, Matt; Engstrom, Jason; Leung, Cary; Zhang, Jianmin; Banihani, Qais; Quanrud, David M; Ela, Wendell P; Saez, Avelino E.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 1140 2008. p. 394-411 (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; Vol. 1140).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Arnold, RG, Teske, S, Tomanek, M, Engstrom, J, Leung, C, Zhang, J, Banihani, Q, Quanrud, DM, Ela, WP & Saez, AE 2008, Fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers during wastewater treatment/polishing and sludge stabilization/disposal. in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. vol. 1140, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1140, pp. 394-411. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1454.012
Arnold RG, Teske S, Tomanek M, Engstrom J, Leung C, Zhang J et al. Fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers during wastewater treatment/polishing and sludge stabilization/disposal. In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 1140. 2008. p. 394-411. (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences). https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1454.012
Arnold, Robert G ; Teske, Sondra ; Tomanek, Matt ; Engstrom, Jason ; Leung, Cary ; Zhang, Jianmin ; Banihani, Qais ; Quanrud, David M ; Ela, Wendell P ; Saez, Avelino E. / Fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers during wastewater treatment/polishing and sludge stabilization/disposal. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 1140 2008. pp. 394-411 (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences).
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