Fear of cancer recurrence in young early-stage breast cancer survivors: The role of metacognitive style and disease-related factors

B. Thewes, Melanie L Bell, P. Butow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common challenge of cancer survivorship, particularly in younger survivors. Maladaptive metacognitions have been shown to be important to the development of a range of emotional disorders but have not previously been explored in the context of FCR. Aims This study aimed to explore the relationship between FCR and a maladaptive metacognitions. Methods This cross-sectional study included young women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer at least 1 year prior to study entry. Participants completed a web-based questionnaire, which included the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI) and the brief Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30). Linear regression was used to calculate unadjusted and adjusted slope estimates of the association of FCR with six metacognition variables, the total score of the MCQ-30 and the five subscales. Results Two-hundred and eighteen women with a mean age of 39 years at diagnosis participated. All measures of metacognitive style were moderately correlated with FCRI scores (r = 0.31-0.49) and significantly associated with FCRI in both unadjusted and adjusted models. Overall metacognitive style explained 36% of the variance in FCR scores in combination with disease and demographic factors. Negative metacognitions (R2 = 0.32) and need for control over cognition (R2 = 0.26) were the MCQ-30 subscales most associated with higher FCR. Conclusions Unhelpful metacognitions appear to play an important role in FCR in young women with early-stage breast cancer. Treatments that focus on changing unhelpful metacognitions may prove a useful approach for treating clinical FCR in cancer survivors in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2059-2063
Number of pages5
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fear
Survivors
Breast Neoplasms
Recurrence
Neoplasms
Equipment and Supplies
Metacognition
Cognition
Linear Models
Survival Rate
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • cancer
  • fear of recurrence
  • metacognition
  • oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Fear of cancer recurrence in young early-stage breast cancer survivors : The role of metacognitive style and disease-related factors. / Thewes, B.; Bell, Melanie L; Butow, P.

In: Psycho-Oncology, Vol. 22, No. 9, 09.2013, p. 2059-2063.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Fear of cancer recurrence in young early-stage breast cancer survivors: The role of metacognitive style and disease-related factors",
abstract = "Objective Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common challenge of cancer survivorship, particularly in younger survivors. Maladaptive metacognitions have been shown to be important to the development of a range of emotional disorders but have not previously been explored in the context of FCR. Aims This study aimed to explore the relationship between FCR and a maladaptive metacognitions. Methods This cross-sectional study included young women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer at least 1 year prior to study entry. Participants completed a web-based questionnaire, which included the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI) and the brief Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30). Linear regression was used to calculate unadjusted and adjusted slope estimates of the association of FCR with six metacognition variables, the total score of the MCQ-30 and the five subscales. Results Two-hundred and eighteen women with a mean age of 39 years at diagnosis participated. All measures of metacognitive style were moderately correlated with FCRI scores (r = 0.31-0.49) and significantly associated with FCRI in both unadjusted and adjusted models. Overall metacognitive style explained 36{\%} of the variance in FCR scores in combination with disease and demographic factors. Negative metacognitions (R2 = 0.32) and need for control over cognition (R2 = 0.26) were the MCQ-30 subscales most associated with higher FCR. Conclusions Unhelpful metacognitions appear to play an important role in FCR in young women with early-stage breast cancer. Treatments that focus on changing unhelpful metacognitions may prove a useful approach for treating clinical FCR in cancer survivors in the future.",
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N2 - Objective Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common challenge of cancer survivorship, particularly in younger survivors. Maladaptive metacognitions have been shown to be important to the development of a range of emotional disorders but have not previously been explored in the context of FCR. Aims This study aimed to explore the relationship between FCR and a maladaptive metacognitions. Methods This cross-sectional study included young women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer at least 1 year prior to study entry. Participants completed a web-based questionnaire, which included the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI) and the brief Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30). Linear regression was used to calculate unadjusted and adjusted slope estimates of the association of FCR with six metacognition variables, the total score of the MCQ-30 and the five subscales. Results Two-hundred and eighteen women with a mean age of 39 years at diagnosis participated. All measures of metacognitive style were moderately correlated with FCRI scores (r = 0.31-0.49) and significantly associated with FCRI in both unadjusted and adjusted models. Overall metacognitive style explained 36% of the variance in FCR scores in combination with disease and demographic factors. Negative metacognitions (R2 = 0.32) and need for control over cognition (R2 = 0.26) were the MCQ-30 subscales most associated with higher FCR. Conclusions Unhelpful metacognitions appear to play an important role in FCR in young women with early-stage breast cancer. Treatments that focus on changing unhelpful metacognitions may prove a useful approach for treating clinical FCR in cancer survivors in the future.

AB - Objective Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common challenge of cancer survivorship, particularly in younger survivors. Maladaptive metacognitions have been shown to be important to the development of a range of emotional disorders but have not previously been explored in the context of FCR. Aims This study aimed to explore the relationship between FCR and a maladaptive metacognitions. Methods This cross-sectional study included young women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer at least 1 year prior to study entry. Participants completed a web-based questionnaire, which included the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI) and the brief Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30). Linear regression was used to calculate unadjusted and adjusted slope estimates of the association of FCR with six metacognition variables, the total score of the MCQ-30 and the five subscales. Results Two-hundred and eighteen women with a mean age of 39 years at diagnosis participated. All measures of metacognitive style were moderately correlated with FCRI scores (r = 0.31-0.49) and significantly associated with FCRI in both unadjusted and adjusted models. Overall metacognitive style explained 36% of the variance in FCR scores in combination with disease and demographic factors. Negative metacognitions (R2 = 0.32) and need for control over cognition (R2 = 0.26) were the MCQ-30 subscales most associated with higher FCR. Conclusions Unhelpful metacognitions appear to play an important role in FCR in young women with early-stage breast cancer. Treatments that focus on changing unhelpful metacognitions may prove a useful approach for treating clinical FCR in cancer survivors in the future.

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