Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of US-guided sacroiliac joint injection in the treatment of sacroiliitis in children. Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the institutional review board and informed oral and written consent was obtained from the patients and their parents. In 13 patients (7 females and 6 males), 9 - 16 years (mean std 11.39 1.98), 18 sacroiliac joint (SI joint) injections were performed under US guidance. All patients suffered from severe sacroiliitis. US scanning was performed using a linear-array transducer operating at 5 - 18 MHz. Rating of the patients pain using a 0 - 10 dolorimetry scale on a visual analog score (VAS) was recorded before, immediately after and 3 months after injection to monitor severity and therapeutic response. Results: Injection could be performed in all patients without complication and showed good response immediately and 3 months after the injection with a decrease of the VAS (from mean std 9.44 1.097 to 3.89 3.82, p < 0.001 and to 0.56 1.097, p < 0.05, respectively). Conclusion: US-guided SI joint injection was feasible in all children, relatively quick and easy to perform and appeared effective in the treatment of children with sacroiliitis.
- interventional procedures
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging