First detection of polarization of the submillimetre diffuse galactic dust emission by Archeops

A. Benoît, P. Ade, A. Amblard, R. Ansari, É Aubourg, S. Bargot, J. G. Bartlett, J. Ph Bernard, R. S. Bhatia, A. Blanchard, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, F. R. Bouchet, A. Bourrachot, P. Camus, F. Couchot, P. De Bernardis, J. Delabrouille, F. X. Désert, O. DoréM. Douspis, L. Dumoulin, X. Dupac, P. Filliatre, P. Fosalba, K. Ganga, F. Gannaway, B. Gautier, M. Giard, Y. Giraud-Héraud, R. Gispert, L. Guglielmi, J. Ch Hamilton, S. Hanany, S. Henrot-Versillé, J. Kaplan, G. Lagache, J. M. Lamarre, A. E. Lange, J. F. Macías-Pérez, K. Madet, B. Maffei, Ch Magneville, Daniel P Marrone, S. Masi, F. Mayet, A. Murphy, F. Naraghi, F. Nati, G. Patanchon, G. Perrin, M. Piat, N. Ponthieu, S. Prunet, J. L. Puget, C. Renault, C. Rosset, D. Santos, A. Starobinsky, I. Strukov, R. V. Sudiwala, R. Teyssier, M. Tristram, C. Tucker, J. C. Vanel, D. Vibert, E. Wakui, D. Yvon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the first determination of the Galactic polarized emission at 353 GHz by Archeops. The data were taken during the Arctic night of February 7, 2002 after the balloon-borne instrument was launched by CNES from the Swedish Esrange base near Kiruna. In addition to the 143 GHz and 217 GHz frequency bands dedicated to CMB studies, Archeops had one 545 GHz and six 353 GHz bolometers mounted in three polarization-sensitive pairs that were used for Galactic foreground studies. We present maps of the I, Q, U Stokes parameters over 17% of the sky and with a 13 arcmin resolution at 353 GHz (850 μm). They show a significant Galactic large scale polarized emission coherent on the longitude ranges [100, 120] and [180, 200] deg. with a degree of polarization at the level of 4-5%, in agreement with expectations from starlight polarization measurements. Some regions in the Galactic plane (Gem OB1, Cassiopeia) show an even stronger degree of polarization in the range 10-20%. These findings provide strong evidence for a powerful grain alignment mechanism throughout the interstellar medium and a coherent magnetic field coplanar to the Galactic plane. This magnetic field pervades even some dense clouds. Extrapolated to high Galactic latitude, these results indicate that interstellar dust polarized emission is the major foreground for PLANCK-HFI CMB polarization measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-582
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume424
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

polarization
dust
balloon-borne instruments
magnetic field
bolometers
longitude
magnetic fields
night
sky
alignment
detection

Keywords

  • Cosmology: cosmic microwave background
  • Cosmology: observations
  • ISM: dust, extinction
  • Polarization
  • Submillimeter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Benoît, A., Ade, P., Amblard, A., Ansari, R., Aubourg, É., Bargot, S., ... Yvon, D. (2004). First detection of polarization of the submillimetre diffuse galactic dust emission by Archeops. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 424(2), 571-582. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20040042

First detection of polarization of the submillimetre diffuse galactic dust emission by Archeops. / Benoît, A.; Ade, P.; Amblard, A.; Ansari, R.; Aubourg, É; Bargot, S.; Bartlett, J. G.; Bernard, J. Ph; Bhatia, R. S.; Blanchard, A.; Bock, J. J.; Boscaleri, A.; Bouchet, F. R.; Bourrachot, A.; Camus, P.; Couchot, F.; De Bernardis, P.; Delabrouille, J.; Désert, F. X.; Doré, O.; Douspis, M.; Dumoulin, L.; Dupac, X.; Filliatre, P.; Fosalba, P.; Ganga, K.; Gannaway, F.; Gautier, B.; Giard, M.; Giraud-Héraud, Y.; Gispert, R.; Guglielmi, L.; Hamilton, J. Ch; Hanany, S.; Henrot-Versillé, S.; Kaplan, J.; Lagache, G.; Lamarre, J. M.; Lange, A. E.; Macías-Pérez, J. F.; Madet, K.; Maffei, B.; Magneville, Ch; Marrone, Daniel P; Masi, S.; Mayet, F.; Murphy, A.; Naraghi, F.; Nati, F.; Patanchon, G.; Perrin, G.; Piat, M.; Ponthieu, N.; Prunet, S.; Puget, J. L.; Renault, C.; Rosset, C.; Santos, D.; Starobinsky, A.; Strukov, I.; Sudiwala, R. V.; Teyssier, R.; Tristram, M.; Tucker, C.; Vanel, J. C.; Vibert, D.; Wakui, E.; Yvon, D.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 424, No. 2, 09.2004, p. 571-582.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Benoît, A, Ade, P, Amblard, A, Ansari, R, Aubourg, É, Bargot, S, Bartlett, JG, Bernard, JP, Bhatia, RS, Blanchard, A, Bock, JJ, Boscaleri, A, Bouchet, FR, Bourrachot, A, Camus, P, Couchot, F, De Bernardis, P, Delabrouille, J, Désert, FX, Doré, O, Douspis, M, Dumoulin, L, Dupac, X, Filliatre, P, Fosalba, P, Ganga, K, Gannaway, F, Gautier, B, Giard, M, Giraud-Héraud, Y, Gispert, R, Guglielmi, L, Hamilton, JC, Hanany, S, Henrot-Versillé, S, Kaplan, J, Lagache, G, Lamarre, JM, Lange, AE, Macías-Pérez, JF, Madet, K, Maffei, B, Magneville, C, Marrone, DP, Masi, S, Mayet, F, Murphy, A, Naraghi, F, Nati, F, Patanchon, G, Perrin, G, Piat, M, Ponthieu, N, Prunet, S, Puget, JL, Renault, C, Rosset, C, Santos, D, Starobinsky, A, Strukov, I, Sudiwala, RV, Teyssier, R, Tristram, M, Tucker, C, Vanel, JC, Vibert, D, Wakui, E & Yvon, D 2004, 'First detection of polarization of the submillimetre diffuse galactic dust emission by Archeops', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 424, no. 2, pp. 571-582. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20040042
Benoît, A. ; Ade, P. ; Amblard, A. ; Ansari, R. ; Aubourg, É ; Bargot, S. ; Bartlett, J. G. ; Bernard, J. Ph ; Bhatia, R. S. ; Blanchard, A. ; Bock, J. J. ; Boscaleri, A. ; Bouchet, F. R. ; Bourrachot, A. ; Camus, P. ; Couchot, F. ; De Bernardis, P. ; Delabrouille, J. ; Désert, F. X. ; Doré, O. ; Douspis, M. ; Dumoulin, L. ; Dupac, X. ; Filliatre, P. ; Fosalba, P. ; Ganga, K. ; Gannaway, F. ; Gautier, B. ; Giard, M. ; Giraud-Héraud, Y. ; Gispert, R. ; Guglielmi, L. ; Hamilton, J. Ch ; Hanany, S. ; Henrot-Versillé, S. ; Kaplan, J. ; Lagache, G. ; Lamarre, J. M. ; Lange, A. E. ; Macías-Pérez, J. F. ; Madet, K. ; Maffei, B. ; Magneville, Ch ; Marrone, Daniel P ; Masi, S. ; Mayet, F. ; Murphy, A. ; Naraghi, F. ; Nati, F. ; Patanchon, G. ; Perrin, G. ; Piat, M. ; Ponthieu, N. ; Prunet, S. ; Puget, J. L. ; Renault, C. ; Rosset, C. ; Santos, D. ; Starobinsky, A. ; Strukov, I. ; Sudiwala, R. V. ; Teyssier, R. ; Tristram, M. ; Tucker, C. ; Vanel, J. C. ; Vibert, D. ; Wakui, E. ; Yvon, D. / First detection of polarization of the submillimetre diffuse galactic dust emission by Archeops. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2004 ; Vol. 424, No. 2. pp. 571-582.
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abstract = "We present the first determination of the Galactic polarized emission at 353 GHz by Archeops. The data were taken during the Arctic night of February 7, 2002 after the balloon-borne instrument was launched by CNES from the Swedish Esrange base near Kiruna. In addition to the 143 GHz and 217 GHz frequency bands dedicated to CMB studies, Archeops had one 545 GHz and six 353 GHz bolometers mounted in three polarization-sensitive pairs that were used for Galactic foreground studies. We present maps of the I, Q, U Stokes parameters over 17{\%} of the sky and with a 13 arcmin resolution at 353 GHz (850 μm). They show a significant Galactic large scale polarized emission coherent on the longitude ranges [100, 120] and [180, 200] deg. with a degree of polarization at the level of 4-5{\%}, in agreement with expectations from starlight polarization measurements. Some regions in the Galactic plane (Gem OB1, Cassiopeia) show an even stronger degree of polarization in the range 10-20{\%}. These findings provide strong evidence for a powerful grain alignment mechanism throughout the interstellar medium and a coherent magnetic field coplanar to the Galactic plane. This magnetic field pervades even some dense clouds. Extrapolated to high Galactic latitude, these results indicate that interstellar dust polarized emission is the major foreground for PLANCK-HFI CMB polarization measurements.",
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author = "A. Beno{\^i}t and P. Ade and A. Amblard and R. Ansari and {\'E} Aubourg and S. Bargot and Bartlett, {J. G.} and Bernard, {J. Ph} and Bhatia, {R. S.} and A. Blanchard and Bock, {J. J.} and A. Boscaleri and Bouchet, {F. R.} and A. Bourrachot and P. Camus and F. Couchot and {De Bernardis}, P. and J. Delabrouille and D{\'e}sert, {F. X.} and O. Dor{\'e} and M. Douspis and L. Dumoulin and X. Dupac and P. Filliatre and P. Fosalba and K. Ganga and F. Gannaway and B. Gautier and M. Giard and Y. Giraud-H{\'e}raud and R. Gispert and L. Guglielmi and Hamilton, {J. Ch} and S. Hanany and S. Henrot-Versill{\'e} and J. Kaplan and G. Lagache and Lamarre, {J. M.} and Lange, {A. E.} and Mac{\'i}as-P{\'e}rez, {J. F.} and K. Madet and B. Maffei and Ch Magneville and Marrone, {Daniel P} and S. Masi and F. Mayet and A. Murphy and F. Naraghi and F. Nati and G. Patanchon and G. Perrin and M. Piat and N. Ponthieu and S. Prunet and Puget, {J. L.} and C. Renault and C. Rosset and D. Santos and A. Starobinsky and I. Strukov and Sudiwala, {R. V.} and R. Teyssier and M. Tristram and C. Tucker and Vanel, {J. C.} and D. Vibert and E. Wakui and D. Yvon",
year = "2004",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361:20040042",
language = "English (US)",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - First detection of polarization of the submillimetre diffuse galactic dust emission by Archeops

AU - Benoît, A.

AU - Ade, P.

AU - Amblard, A.

AU - Ansari, R.

AU - Aubourg, É

AU - Bargot, S.

AU - Bartlett, J. G.

AU - Bernard, J. Ph

AU - Bhatia, R. S.

AU - Blanchard, A.

AU - Bock, J. J.

AU - Boscaleri, A.

AU - Bouchet, F. R.

AU - Bourrachot, A.

AU - Camus, P.

AU - Couchot, F.

AU - De Bernardis, P.

AU - Delabrouille, J.

AU - Désert, F. X.

AU - Doré, O.

AU - Douspis, M.

AU - Dumoulin, L.

AU - Dupac, X.

AU - Filliatre, P.

AU - Fosalba, P.

AU - Ganga, K.

AU - Gannaway, F.

AU - Gautier, B.

AU - Giard, M.

AU - Giraud-Héraud, Y.

AU - Gispert, R.

AU - Guglielmi, L.

AU - Hamilton, J. Ch

AU - Hanany, S.

AU - Henrot-Versillé, S.

AU - Kaplan, J.

AU - Lagache, G.

AU - Lamarre, J. M.

AU - Lange, A. E.

AU - Macías-Pérez, J. F.

AU - Madet, K.

AU - Maffei, B.

AU - Magneville, Ch

AU - Marrone, Daniel P

AU - Masi, S.

AU - Mayet, F.

AU - Murphy, A.

AU - Naraghi, F.

AU - Nati, F.

AU - Patanchon, G.

AU - Perrin, G.

AU - Piat, M.

AU - Ponthieu, N.

AU - Prunet, S.

AU - Puget, J. L.

AU - Renault, C.

AU - Rosset, C.

AU - Santos, D.

AU - Starobinsky, A.

AU - Strukov, I.

AU - Sudiwala, R. V.

AU - Teyssier, R.

AU - Tristram, M.

AU - Tucker, C.

AU - Vanel, J. C.

AU - Vibert, D.

AU - Wakui, E.

AU - Yvon, D.

PY - 2004/9

Y1 - 2004/9

N2 - We present the first determination of the Galactic polarized emission at 353 GHz by Archeops. The data were taken during the Arctic night of February 7, 2002 after the balloon-borne instrument was launched by CNES from the Swedish Esrange base near Kiruna. In addition to the 143 GHz and 217 GHz frequency bands dedicated to CMB studies, Archeops had one 545 GHz and six 353 GHz bolometers mounted in three polarization-sensitive pairs that were used for Galactic foreground studies. We present maps of the I, Q, U Stokes parameters over 17% of the sky and with a 13 arcmin resolution at 353 GHz (850 μm). They show a significant Galactic large scale polarized emission coherent on the longitude ranges [100, 120] and [180, 200] deg. with a degree of polarization at the level of 4-5%, in agreement with expectations from starlight polarization measurements. Some regions in the Galactic plane (Gem OB1, Cassiopeia) show an even stronger degree of polarization in the range 10-20%. These findings provide strong evidence for a powerful grain alignment mechanism throughout the interstellar medium and a coherent magnetic field coplanar to the Galactic plane. This magnetic field pervades even some dense clouds. Extrapolated to high Galactic latitude, these results indicate that interstellar dust polarized emission is the major foreground for PLANCK-HFI CMB polarization measurements.

AB - We present the first determination of the Galactic polarized emission at 353 GHz by Archeops. The data were taken during the Arctic night of February 7, 2002 after the balloon-borne instrument was launched by CNES from the Swedish Esrange base near Kiruna. In addition to the 143 GHz and 217 GHz frequency bands dedicated to CMB studies, Archeops had one 545 GHz and six 353 GHz bolometers mounted in three polarization-sensitive pairs that were used for Galactic foreground studies. We present maps of the I, Q, U Stokes parameters over 17% of the sky and with a 13 arcmin resolution at 353 GHz (850 μm). They show a significant Galactic large scale polarized emission coherent on the longitude ranges [100, 120] and [180, 200] deg. with a degree of polarization at the level of 4-5%, in agreement with expectations from starlight polarization measurements. Some regions in the Galactic plane (Gem OB1, Cassiopeia) show an even stronger degree of polarization in the range 10-20%. These findings provide strong evidence for a powerful grain alignment mechanism throughout the interstellar medium and a coherent magnetic field coplanar to the Galactic plane. This magnetic field pervades even some dense clouds. Extrapolated to high Galactic latitude, these results indicate that interstellar dust polarized emission is the major foreground for PLANCK-HFI CMB polarization measurements.

KW - Cosmology: cosmic microwave background

KW - Cosmology: observations

KW - ISM: dust, extinction

KW - Polarization

KW - Submillimeter

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