First Discoveries of z > 6 Quasars with the DECam Legacy Survey and UKIRT Hemisphere Survey

Feige Wang, Xiaohui Fan, Jinyi Yang, Xue Bing Wu, Qian Yang, Fuyan Bian, Ian D. McGreer, Jiang Tao Li, Zefeng Li, Jiani Ding, Arjun Dey, Simon Dye, Joseph R. Findlay, Richard Green, David James, Linhua Jiang, Dustin Lang, Andy Lawrence, Adam D. Myers, Nicholas P. Ross & 2 others David J. Schlegel, Tom Shanks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present the first discoveries from a survey of z ≳ 6 quasars using imaging data from the DECam Legacy Survey (DECaLS) in the optical, the UKIRT Deep Infrared Sky Survey (UKIDSS) and a preliminary version of the UKIRT Hemisphere Survey (UHS) in the near-IR, and ALLWISE in the mid-IR. DECaLS will image 9000 deg2 of sky down to z AB ∼ 23.0, and UKIDSS and UHS will map the northern sky at 0 < decl. < +607deg;, reaching J VEGA ∼ 19.6 (5-σ). The combination of these data sets allows us to discover quasars at redshift z ≳ 7 and to conduct a complete census of the faint quasar population at z ≳ 6. In this paper, we report on the selection method of our search, and on the initial discoveries of two new, faint z ≳ 6 quasars and one new z = 6.63 quasar in our pilot spectroscopic observations. The two new z ∼ 6 quasars are at z = 6.07 and z = 6.17 with absolute magnitudes at rest-frame wavelength 1450 Å being M 1450 = -25.83 and M 1450 = -25.76, respectively. These discoveries suggest that we can find quasars close to or fainter than the break magnitude of the Quasar Luminosity Function (QLF) at z ≳ 6. The new z = 6.63 quasar has an absolute magnitude of M 1450 = -25.95. This demonstrates the potential of using the combined DECaLS and UKIDSS/UHS data sets to find z ≳ 7 quasars. Extrapolating from previous QLF measurements, we predict that these combined data sets will yield ∼200 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 21.5, ∼1000 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 23, and ∼30 quasars at z > 6.5 to J VEGA < 19.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number27
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume839
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2017

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hemispheres
quasars
northern sky
sky

Keywords

  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • quasars: emission lines
  • quasars: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

First Discoveries of z > 6 Quasars with the DECam Legacy Survey and UKIRT Hemisphere Survey. / Wang, Feige; Fan, Xiaohui; Yang, Jinyi; Wu, Xue Bing; Yang, Qian; Bian, Fuyan; McGreer, Ian D.; Li, Jiang Tao; Li, Zefeng; Ding, Jiani; Dey, Arjun; Dye, Simon; Findlay, Joseph R.; Green, Richard; James, David; Jiang, Linhua; Lang, Dustin; Lawrence, Andy; Myers, Adam D.; Ross, Nicholas P.; Schlegel, David J.; Shanks, Tom.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 839, No. 1, 27, 10.04.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, F, Fan, X, Yang, J, Wu, XB, Yang, Q, Bian, F, McGreer, ID, Li, JT, Li, Z, Ding, J, Dey, A, Dye, S, Findlay, JR, Green, R, James, D, Jiang, L, Lang, D, Lawrence, A, Myers, AD, Ross, NP, Schlegel, DJ & Shanks, T 2017, 'First Discoveries of z > 6 Quasars with the DECam Legacy Survey and UKIRT Hemisphere Survey', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 839, no. 1, 27. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa689f
Wang, Feige ; Fan, Xiaohui ; Yang, Jinyi ; Wu, Xue Bing ; Yang, Qian ; Bian, Fuyan ; McGreer, Ian D. ; Li, Jiang Tao ; Li, Zefeng ; Ding, Jiani ; Dey, Arjun ; Dye, Simon ; Findlay, Joseph R. ; Green, Richard ; James, David ; Jiang, Linhua ; Lang, Dustin ; Lawrence, Andy ; Myers, Adam D. ; Ross, Nicholas P. ; Schlegel, David J. ; Shanks, Tom. / First Discoveries of z > 6 Quasars with the DECam Legacy Survey and UKIRT Hemisphere Survey. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 839, No. 1.
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abstract = "We present the first discoveries from a survey of z ≳ 6 quasars using imaging data from the DECam Legacy Survey (DECaLS) in the optical, the UKIRT Deep Infrared Sky Survey (UKIDSS) and a preliminary version of the UKIRT Hemisphere Survey (UHS) in the near-IR, and ALLWISE in the mid-IR. DECaLS will image 9000 deg2 of sky down to z AB ∼ 23.0, and UKIDSS and UHS will map the northern sky at 0 < decl. < +607deg;, reaching J VEGA ∼ 19.6 (5-σ). The combination of these data sets allows us to discover quasars at redshift z ≳ 7 and to conduct a complete census of the faint quasar population at z ≳ 6. In this paper, we report on the selection method of our search, and on the initial discoveries of two new, faint z ≳ 6 quasars and one new z = 6.63 quasar in our pilot spectroscopic observations. The two new z ∼ 6 quasars are at z = 6.07 and z = 6.17 with absolute magnitudes at rest-frame wavelength 1450 {\AA} being M 1450 = -25.83 and M 1450 = -25.76, respectively. These discoveries suggest that we can find quasars close to or fainter than the break magnitude of the Quasar Luminosity Function (QLF) at z ≳ 6. The new z = 6.63 quasar has an absolute magnitude of M 1450 = -25.95. This demonstrates the potential of using the combined DECaLS and UKIDSS/UHS data sets to find z ≳ 7 quasars. Extrapolating from previous QLF measurements, we predict that these combined data sets will yield ∼200 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 21.5, ∼1000 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 23, and ∼30 quasars at z > 6.5 to J VEGA < 19.5.",
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AU - Fan, Xiaohui

AU - Yang, Jinyi

AU - Wu, Xue Bing

AU - Yang, Qian

AU - Bian, Fuyan

AU - McGreer, Ian D.

AU - Li, Jiang Tao

AU - Li, Zefeng

AU - Ding, Jiani

AU - Dey, Arjun

AU - Dye, Simon

AU - Findlay, Joseph R.

AU - Green, Richard

AU - James, David

AU - Jiang, Linhua

AU - Lang, Dustin

AU - Lawrence, Andy

AU - Myers, Adam D.

AU - Ross, Nicholas P.

AU - Schlegel, David J.

AU - Shanks, Tom

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N2 - We present the first discoveries from a survey of z ≳ 6 quasars using imaging data from the DECam Legacy Survey (DECaLS) in the optical, the UKIRT Deep Infrared Sky Survey (UKIDSS) and a preliminary version of the UKIRT Hemisphere Survey (UHS) in the near-IR, and ALLWISE in the mid-IR. DECaLS will image 9000 deg2 of sky down to z AB ∼ 23.0, and UKIDSS and UHS will map the northern sky at 0 < decl. < +607deg;, reaching J VEGA ∼ 19.6 (5-σ). The combination of these data sets allows us to discover quasars at redshift z ≳ 7 and to conduct a complete census of the faint quasar population at z ≳ 6. In this paper, we report on the selection method of our search, and on the initial discoveries of two new, faint z ≳ 6 quasars and one new z = 6.63 quasar in our pilot spectroscopic observations. The two new z ∼ 6 quasars are at z = 6.07 and z = 6.17 with absolute magnitudes at rest-frame wavelength 1450 Å being M 1450 = -25.83 and M 1450 = -25.76, respectively. These discoveries suggest that we can find quasars close to or fainter than the break magnitude of the Quasar Luminosity Function (QLF) at z ≳ 6. The new z = 6.63 quasar has an absolute magnitude of M 1450 = -25.95. This demonstrates the potential of using the combined DECaLS and UKIDSS/UHS data sets to find z ≳ 7 quasars. Extrapolating from previous QLF measurements, we predict that these combined data sets will yield ∼200 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 21.5, ∼1000 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 23, and ∼30 quasars at z > 6.5 to J VEGA < 19.5.

AB - We present the first discoveries from a survey of z ≳ 6 quasars using imaging data from the DECam Legacy Survey (DECaLS) in the optical, the UKIRT Deep Infrared Sky Survey (UKIDSS) and a preliminary version of the UKIRT Hemisphere Survey (UHS) in the near-IR, and ALLWISE in the mid-IR. DECaLS will image 9000 deg2 of sky down to z AB ∼ 23.0, and UKIDSS and UHS will map the northern sky at 0 < decl. < +607deg;, reaching J VEGA ∼ 19.6 (5-σ). The combination of these data sets allows us to discover quasars at redshift z ≳ 7 and to conduct a complete census of the faint quasar population at z ≳ 6. In this paper, we report on the selection method of our search, and on the initial discoveries of two new, faint z ≳ 6 quasars and one new z = 6.63 quasar in our pilot spectroscopic observations. The two new z ∼ 6 quasars are at z = 6.07 and z = 6.17 with absolute magnitudes at rest-frame wavelength 1450 Å being M 1450 = -25.83 and M 1450 = -25.76, respectively. These discoveries suggest that we can find quasars close to or fainter than the break magnitude of the Quasar Luminosity Function (QLF) at z ≳ 6. The new z = 6.63 quasar has an absolute magnitude of M 1450 = -25.95. This demonstrates the potential of using the combined DECaLS and UKIDSS/UHS data sets to find z ≳ 7 quasars. Extrapolating from previous QLF measurements, we predict that these combined data sets will yield ∼200 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 21.5, ∼1000 z ∼ 6 quasars to z AB < 23, and ∼30 quasars at z > 6.5 to J VEGA < 19.5.

KW - galaxies: active

KW - galaxies: high-redshift

KW - quasars: emission lines

KW - quasars: general

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