First measurement of the Hubble constant from a dark standard siren using the Dark Energy Survey galaxies and the LIGO/Virgo binary–black–hole merger GW170814

The DES Collaboration, THE LIGO SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION AND THE VIRGO COLLABORATION

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present a multi–messenger measurement of the Hubble constant H0 using the binary–black–hole merger GW170814 as a standard siren, combined with a photometric redshift catalog from the Dark Energy Survey (DES). The luminosity distance is obtained from the gravitational wave signal detected by the LIGO/Virgo Collaboration (LVC) on 2017 August 14, and the redshift information is provided by the DES Year 3 data. Black–hole mergers such as GW170814 are expected to lack bright electromagnetic emission to uniquely identify their host galaxies and build an object–by–object Hubble diagram. However, they are suitable for a statistical measurement, provided that a galaxy catalog of adequate depth and redshift completion is available. Here we present the first Hubble parameter measurement using a black–hole merger. Our analysis results in H0 = 75+4032 km s−1 Mpc−1, which is consistent with both SN Ia and CMB measurements of the Hubble constant. The quoted 68% credible region comprises 60% of the uniform prior range [20,140] km s−1 Mpc−1, and it depends on the assumed prior range. If we take a broader prior of [10,220] km s−1 Mpc−1, we find H0 = 78+9624 km s−1 Mpc−1 (57% of the prior range). Although a weak constraint on the Hubble constant from a single event is expected using the dark siren method, a multifold increase in the LVC event rate is anticipated in the coming years and combinations of many sirens will lead to improved constraints on H0.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Jan 6 2019

Keywords

  • Catalogs — cosmology: observations
  • Gravitational waves
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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