First record of Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) from Africa, côte d'Ivoire

Pierre Walet N'Guessan, Gillian W. Watson, Judith K. Brown, François K. N'guessan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cocoa swollen shoot virus disease is an important virus disease of cocoa occurring mainly in West Africa. Mealybugs are known to be vectors of the pathogen, Cacao swollen shoot virus. Since recent outbreaks in Côte d'Ivoire, studies have been undertaken on different aspects of the disease. During 2013, surveys were conducted to identify mealybug species infesting aerial parts of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.; Malvales: Malvaceae) trees at various sites and the samples were authoritatively identified using morphological characters. A species new to Africa, Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi Gimpel & Miller (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), was found at 2 localities in Côte d'Ivoire, i.e., Buyo (Soubré county) and Gbalékro (Agboville county). Hosts of this polyphagous mealybug belong to 47 plant families and include banana, eggplant, Hibiscus spp., potato, sweet pepper and tomato. Virus transmission by P. jackbeardsleyi has not been recorded, but it belongs to the same genus as P. maritimus (Ehrhorn), which transmits Little cherry virus 2 to sweet cherry, and P. longispinus (Targioni Tozzetti), which transmits Grapevine A trichovirus (GAV) to grapevine and Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV) to cocoa. The introduction and establishment of P. jackbeardsleyi in Africa may have a considerable impact on both commercial and subsistence agriculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1690-1693
Number of pages4
JournalFlorida Entomologist
Volume97
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cacao swollen shoot virus
  • Theobroma cacao
  • invasive species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

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