First results from very large telescope NACO apodizing phase plate: 4 μm images of the exoplanet β Pictoris b

Sascha P. Quanz, Michael R. Meyer, Matthew A. Kenworthy, Julien H.V. Girard, Markus Kasper, Anne Marie Lagrange, Daniel Apai, Anthony Boccaletti, Mickaël Bonnefoy, Gael Chauvin, Philip M. Hinz, Rainer Lenzen

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67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Direct imaging of exoplanets requires both high contrast and h igh spatial resolution. Here, we present the first scientific results obtained with the newly commissioned apodizing phase plate coronagraph (APP) on VLT/NACO.We detected the exoplanet β Pictoris b in the narrowband filter centered at 4.05 μm (NB4.05). The position angle (209. ° 13 ± 2. ° 12) and the projected separation to its host star (0.″.354 ± 0. ″.012, i.e., 6.8 ± 0.2 AU at a distance of 19.3 pc) are in good agreement with the recently presented data from Lagrange et al. Comparing the observed NB4.05 magnitude of 11.20 ± 0.23 mag to theoretical atmospheric models, we find a best fit with a 7-10 M Jupiter object for an age of 12 Myr, again in agreement with previous estimates. Combining our results with published L′photometry, we can compare the planet's [L ′ - NB4.05] color to that of cool field dwarfs of higher surface gravity suggesting an effective temperature of ∼ 1700 K. The best-fit theo retical model predicts an effective temperature of ∼ 1470 K, but this difference is not significant given our photometric uncertainties. Our results demonstrate the potential of NACO/APP for future planet searches and provide independent confirmation as well as complementary data for β Pic b.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L49-L53
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume722
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2010

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Keywords

  • Planets and satellites: detection
  • Planets and satellites: formation
  • Stars: formation
  • Stars: pre-main sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Quanz, S. P., Meyer, M. R., Kenworthy, M. A., Girard, J. H. V., Kasper, M., Lagrange, A. M., Apai, D., Boccaletti, A., Bonnefoy, M., Chauvin, G., Hinz, P. M., & Lenzen, R. (2010). First results from very large telescope NACO apodizing phase plate: 4 μm images of the exoplanet β Pictoris b. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 722(1 PART 2), L49-L53. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/722/1/L49