First 14C datings of late glacial and holocene pollen sequences from Romanian Carpathes

Sorina Farcas, Jacques Louis De Beaulieu, Maurice Reille, George Coldea, Baluta Diaconeasa, Claude Goeury, Thomas Goslar, A.J. Timothy Jull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two palustrine sedimentary sequences were taken at high altitude in the north-east and south-west of the Romanian Carpathian chain. For the first time in Romania, the history of the vegetation, established by pollen analysis, has been supported by 23 14C datings. The two sequences begin in the Late Glacial. At one site, the cooling of the Younger Dryas is only faintly visible; at the second site, this cooling could not be determined. The post-glacial warming is marked by the colonisation of a bushland of green alder and mugo pine, followed by the establishment of a spruce forest after 9200 B.P. This occurred first in the south-west and later in the north-east. Later a probable lag of 2 000 years (around 6600 B.P. and 4500 B.P.) has been noted in the spread of Carpinus in the foothills of the two sites 220 km apart. The spread of Fagus occurs slightly before 3000 B.P. The re-expansion of Pinus mugo bushlands observed shortly after this date is a consequence of pastoralism. (C) 1999 Academie des sciences/Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-807
Number of pages9
JournalComptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences - Serie III
Volume322
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Betulaceae
Alnus
Fagus
bushland
Romania
Pinus
late glacial
Pollen
pollen
History
Holocene
Cooling
cooling
pastoralism
Younger Dryas
palynology
sedimentary sequence
Postglacial
colonization
warming

Keywords

  • C datings
  • Holocene
  • Late glacial
  • Pollen analysis
  • Romania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Ecology

Cite this

First 14C datings of late glacial and holocene pollen sequences from Romanian Carpathes. / Farcas, Sorina; De Beaulieu, Jacques Louis; Reille, Maurice; Coldea, George; Diaconeasa, Baluta; Goeury, Claude; Goslar, Thomas; Jull, A.J. Timothy.

In: Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences - Serie III, Vol. 322, No. 9, 1999, p. 799-807.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Farcas, Sorina ; De Beaulieu, Jacques Louis ; Reille, Maurice ; Coldea, George ; Diaconeasa, Baluta ; Goeury, Claude ; Goslar, Thomas ; Jull, A.J. Timothy. / First 14C datings of late glacial and holocene pollen sequences from Romanian Carpathes. In: Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences - Serie III. 1999 ; Vol. 322, No. 9. pp. 799-807.
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