Flooding, resettlement, and change in livelihoods: Evidence from rural Mozambique

Alex Arnall, David S G Thomas, Chasca Twyman, Diana Liverman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Post-disaster development policies, such as resettlement, can have major impacts on communities. This paper examines how and why people's livelihoods change as a result of resettlement, and relocated people's views of such changes, in the context of natural disasters. It presents two historically-grounded, comparative case studies of post-flood resettlement in rural Mozambique. The studies demonstrate a movement away from rain-fed subsistence agriculture towards commercial agriculture and non-agricultural activities. The ability to secure a viable livelihood was a key determinant of whether resettlers remained in their new locations or returned to the river valleys despite the risks posed by floods. The findings suggest that more research is required to understand i) why resettlers choose to stay in or abandon designated resettlement areas, ii) what is meant by 'voluntary' and 'involuntary' resettlement in the realm of post-disaster reconstruction, and iii) the policy drivers of resettlement in developing countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-488
Number of pages21
JournalDisasters
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Fingerprint

Mozambique
resettlement
livelihood
disaster
flooding
subsistence agriculture
natural disaster
evidence
comparative study
developing world
agriculture
valley
river
development policy
policy
reconstruction
driver
developing country
determinants
ability

Keywords

  • Floods
  • Livelihoods
  • Mozambique
  • Resettlement
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Flooding, resettlement, and change in livelihoods : Evidence from rural Mozambique. / Arnall, Alex; Thomas, David S G; Twyman, Chasca; Liverman, Diana.

In: Disasters, Vol. 37, No. 3, 07.2013, p. 468-488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arnall, Alex ; Thomas, David S G ; Twyman, Chasca ; Liverman, Diana. / Flooding, resettlement, and change in livelihoods : Evidence from rural Mozambique. In: Disasters. 2013 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 468-488.
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