Footprints preserve terminal Pleistocene hunt? Human-sloth interactions in North America

David Bustos, Jackson Jakeway, Tommy M. Urban, Vance T Holliday, Brendan Fenerty, David A Raichlen, Marcin Budka, Sally C. Reynolds, Bruce D. Allen, David W. Love, Vincent L. Santucci, Daniel Odess, Patrick Willey, H. Gregory McDonald, Matthew R. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Predator-prey interactions revealed by vertebrate trace fossils are extremely rare. We present footprint evidence from White Sands National Monument in New Mexico for the association of sloth and human trackways. Geologically, the sloth and human trackways were made contemporaneously, and the sloth trackways show evidence of evasion and defensive behavior when associated with human tracks. Behavioral inferences from these trackways indicate prey selection and suggest that humans were harassing, stalking, and/or hunting the now-extinct giant ground sloth in the terminal Pleistocene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaar7621
JournalScience advances
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 2018

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trackway
footprint
Pleistocene
prey selection
predator-prey interaction
trace fossil
monument
hunting
vertebrate
sand
North America
preserve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Footprints preserve terminal Pleistocene hunt? Human-sloth interactions in North America. / Bustos, David; Jakeway, Jackson; Urban, Tommy M.; Holliday, Vance T; Fenerty, Brendan; Raichlen, David A; Budka, Marcin; Reynolds, Sally C.; Allen, Bruce D.; Love, David W.; Santucci, Vincent L.; Odess, Daniel; Willey, Patrick; McDonald, H. Gregory; Bennett, Matthew R.

In: Science advances, Vol. 4, No. 4, eaar7621, 25.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bustos, D, Jakeway, J, Urban, TM, Holliday, VT, Fenerty, B, Raichlen, DA, Budka, M, Reynolds, SC, Allen, BD, Love, DW, Santucci, VL, Odess, D, Willey, P, McDonald, HG & Bennett, MR 2018, 'Footprints preserve terminal Pleistocene hunt? Human-sloth interactions in North America', Science advances, vol. 4, no. 4, eaar7621. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aar7621
Bustos, David ; Jakeway, Jackson ; Urban, Tommy M. ; Holliday, Vance T ; Fenerty, Brendan ; Raichlen, David A ; Budka, Marcin ; Reynolds, Sally C. ; Allen, Bruce D. ; Love, David W. ; Santucci, Vincent L. ; Odess, Daniel ; Willey, Patrick ; McDonald, H. Gregory ; Bennett, Matthew R. / Footprints preserve terminal Pleistocene hunt? Human-sloth interactions in North America. In: Science advances. 2018 ; Vol. 4, No. 4.
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