Foraging populations and distances of the desert subterranean termite, heterotermes aureus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), associated with structures in Southern Arizona

Paul B Baker, Michael I. Haverty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mark-release-recapture studies were conducted on foraging populations of Heterotermes aureus (Snyder) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) associated with three structures in Tucson, AZ. Foraging population estimates ranged from 64,913 to 307,284 termites by using the Lincoln Index and from 75,501 to 313,251 termites using the weighted mean model. The maximum distance between monitors ranged from 26 to 65 m, with minimum total foraging distance ranging between 297 and 2,427 m. Characterizations of the cuticular hydrocarbons of foraging groups were qualitatively identical. Quantitative similarities within sites and differences among sites suggested that each site was occupied by a single colony during the sampling period. The colony at each site had a proportion of soldiers (0.135, 0.069, and 0.040) that was significantly different from the colonies at each of the other sites. From this study, we question the assumption of equal mixing of marked H. aureus foragers throughout the occupied collars around structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1381-1390
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Economic Entomology
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Fingerprint

Heterotermes
subterranean termites
Rhinotermitidae
termite
Isoptera
deserts
desert
foraging
mark-recapture studies
collars
hydrocarbon
hydrocarbons
sampling

Keywords

  • Colony density
  • Colony size
  • Cuticular hydrocarbons
  • Mark-release-recapture
  • Soldier proportions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "Foraging populations and distances of the desert subterranean termite, heterotermes aureus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), associated with structures in Southern Arizona",
abstract = "Mark-release-recapture studies were conducted on foraging populations of Heterotermes aureus (Snyder) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) associated with three structures in Tucson, AZ. Foraging population estimates ranged from 64,913 to 307,284 termites by using the Lincoln Index and from 75,501 to 313,251 termites using the weighted mean model. The maximum distance between monitors ranged from 26 to 65 m, with minimum total foraging distance ranging between 297 and 2,427 m. Characterizations of the cuticular hydrocarbons of foraging groups were qualitatively identical. Quantitative similarities within sites and differences among sites suggested that each site was occupied by a single colony during the sampling period. The colony at each site had a proportion of soldiers (0.135, 0.069, and 0.040) that was significantly different from the colonies at each of the other sites. From this study, we question the assumption of equal mixing of marked H. aureus foragers throughout the occupied collars around structures.",
keywords = "Colony density, Colony size, Cuticular hydrocarbons, Mark-release-recapture, Soldier proportions",
author = "Baker, {Paul B} and Haverty, {Michael I.}",
year = "2007",
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AU - Baker, Paul B

AU - Haverty, Michael I.

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N2 - Mark-release-recapture studies were conducted on foraging populations of Heterotermes aureus (Snyder) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) associated with three structures in Tucson, AZ. Foraging population estimates ranged from 64,913 to 307,284 termites by using the Lincoln Index and from 75,501 to 313,251 termites using the weighted mean model. The maximum distance between monitors ranged from 26 to 65 m, with minimum total foraging distance ranging between 297 and 2,427 m. Characterizations of the cuticular hydrocarbons of foraging groups were qualitatively identical. Quantitative similarities within sites and differences among sites suggested that each site was occupied by a single colony during the sampling period. The colony at each site had a proportion of soldiers (0.135, 0.069, and 0.040) that was significantly different from the colonies at each of the other sites. From this study, we question the assumption of equal mixing of marked H. aureus foragers throughout the occupied collars around structures.

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