Forging Feminisms under Dictatorship: Women's international ties and national feminist empowerment in Chile, 1973-1990

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Focusing on the period of dictatorship, this analysis explores Chilean feminists' empowerment through international ties when feminism gained legitimacy as a vehicle for social change in the aftermath of the United Nations International Women's Year in 1975. Centering on three types of encounters that marked women's coalition-building and their international ties, both personal empowerment and institutional change in defense of women's rights are discussed. Chilean women participated in the United Nations International Women's Conferences that accompanied the Decade of Women between 1975 and 1985. They also joined regional feminist conferences called Encounters, Encuentros, which were explicitly aimed at convening women in the Americas. Chilean women's experience of international solidarity and exile encouraged many to reconsider their own roles in their native society. In the course of military rule and re-democratization, Chilean feminists connected these experiences to domestic feminist activism and set a path for empowerment that fitted their national historical trajectory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-630
Number of pages18
JournalWomen's History Review
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

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dictatorship
feminism
Chile
empowerment
UNO
women's rights
exile
institutional change
Feminism
Dictatorship
Empowerment
solidarity
democratization
coalition
social change
legitimacy
experience
Military

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Gender Studies

Cite this

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abstract = "Focusing on the period of dictatorship, this analysis explores Chilean feminists' empowerment through international ties when feminism gained legitimacy as a vehicle for social change in the aftermath of the United Nations International Women's Year in 1975. Centering on three types of encounters that marked women's coalition-building and their international ties, both personal empowerment and institutional change in defense of women's rights are discussed. Chilean women participated in the United Nations International Women's Conferences that accompanied the Decade of Women between 1975 and 1985. They also joined regional feminist conferences called Encounters, Encuentros, which were explicitly aimed at convening women in the Americas. Chilean women's experience of international solidarity and exile encouraged many to reconsider their own roles in their native society. In the course of military rule and re-democratization, Chilean feminists connected these experiences to domestic feminist activism and set a path for empowerment that fitted their national historical trajectory.",
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