Forming early-type galaxies in groups prior to cluster assembly

Stefan J. Kautsch, Anthony H. Gonzalez, Christian A. Soto, Kim Vy H. Tran, Dennis Zaritsky, John Moustakas

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Abstract

We study a unique protocluster of galaxies, the supergroup SG1120-1202. We quantify the degree to which morphological transformation of cluster galaxies occurs prior to cluster assembly in order to explain the observed early-type fractions in galaxy clusters at z p 0. SG1120-1202 at z-0.37 is composed of four gravitationally bound groups that are expected to coalesce into a single cluster by z p 0. Using HST ACS observations, we compare the morphological fractions of the supergroup galaxies to those found in a range of environments. We find that the morphological fractions of early-type galaxies (∼60%) and the ratio of S0 to elliptical galaxies (0.5) in SG1120-1202 are very similar to clusters at comparable redshift, consistent with preprocessing in the group environment playing the dominant role in establishing the observed early-type fraction in galaxy clusters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L5-L8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume688
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: interactions
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • Galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kautsch, S. J., Gonzalez, A. H., Soto, C. A., Tran, K. V. H., Zaritsky, D., & Moustakas, J. (2008). Forming early-type galaxies in groups prior to cluster assembly. Astrophysical Journal, 688(1 PART 2), L5-L8. https://doi.org/10.1086/593978